Federal Supplement

Federal Supplement in the United States

Record of opinions issued by the U.S. district court. Citations from the Federal Supplement are shown by the abbreviation F. Supp. The volume number precedes the abbreviation, which is followed by the page number. The state in which the district court issuing the opinion is located and the year of the decision are included in parentheses. Decisions of the U.S. court of appeals can be found in the Federal Reporter. The abbreviations Fed. and F.2d are used for this set of volumes, now in its second series. The court of appeals circuit number and decision date appear as part of the citation.

See Also

Citator (Judicial Effects and Policies) National Reporter System (Judicial Effects and Policies) United States Reports (Judicial Effects and Policies).

Analysis and Relevance

The Federal Supplement and Federal Reporter provide an authoritative record of the decisions of the lower federal courts. These series make decisions of these courts available to the legal and academic communities, and to the general public as well. Citations of decisions rendered on particular issues may be obtained by use of a rjj.3j.ar.. The riuior .also indicates whether a specific decision is still applicable. Sheppard’s Federal Citations, for example, covers decisions reported in the Federal Supplement and Federal Reporter.

Notes and References

  1. Definition of Federal Supplement from the American Law Dictionary, 1991, California

Practical Information

Note: Some of this information was last updated in 1982

See national reporter system (in U.S. law) .

(Revised by Ann De Vries)

What is Federal Supplement?

For a meaning of it, read Federal Supplement in the Legal Dictionary here. Browse and search more U.S. and international free legal definitions and legal terms related to Federal Supplement.

Federal Supplement (F. Supp., F. Supp 2d, F. Supp 3d) in the Context of Law Research

The Thurgood Marshall School of Law Library defined briefly Federal Supplement (F. Supp., F. Supp 2d, F. Supp 3d) as: This case law reporter which is a part of the National Reporter System, contains opinions issued by U.S. District Courts, plus West headnotes and Key Numbers.Legal research resources, including Federal Supplement (F. Supp., F. Supp 2d, F. Supp 3d), help to identify the law that governs an activity and to find materials that explain that law.

Federal Supplement: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Federal Supplement. This part provides references, in relation to Federal Supplement, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about Federal Supplement by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Federal Supplement and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Federal Supplement or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Federal Supplement and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Federal Supplement. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Federal Supplement should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Federal Supplement when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

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