International Criminal Court

International Criminal Court and the U.S. Position in the United States The United States is not a party to the Rome Statute. The United States signed the Statute on December 31, 2000, but at the time, the Clinton Administration had objections to it and said it would not submit it to the […]

State Government Jobs

State Government Jobs in the United States State Government Jobs (All 50 States) State employment websites include agencies that: Promote the well-being of the state’s workers Help workers find employment Deal with issues confronting special populations such as veterans, migrants, youth, seniors or disabled workers Provide retraining and rehabilitation These agencies conduct studies, publish labor … Read more

State Arts

State Arts in the United States State Arts State arts agencies include state councils for the arts, historical commissions, museums, film boards, and state libraries and archives. State Arts Websites State arts council sites may feature available grants and recipients, listings of arts organizations and artists working in the state, arts news, information on folk culture, … Read more

State Health Departments

State Health Departments and Services in the United States State departments of health promote public health through policy initiatives, research and service programs. Often, a state’s public health administration is combined with the provision of social services. “Health” generally encompasses behavioral and environmental health as well as physical well-being, illness and communicable diseases. State Health … Read more


Immigration in United States Immigration Definition The removing into one place from another. It differs from "emigration," which is the moving from one place into another. Read more about the meaning of Immigration in the law Dictionaries. Immigration: A Nation of Immigrants […]


Courts in the United States Courts in the United States Introduction to Courts Courts in the United States, government institutions that resolve legal disputes by trial and that hear appeals from such cases. The United States has a federal system of government in which power is divided […]

Infancy Doctrine

The Infancy Doctrine Hawai`s has long recognized the common law rule—referred to as “the infancy doctrine” or “the infancy law doctrine”— that contracts entered into by minors are voidable. See, e.g., Jellings v. Pioneer Mill Co., 30 Haw. 184 (1927); Zen v. Koon Chan, 27 Haw. 369 (1923); McCandless v. Lansing, 19 Haw. 474 (1909). … Read more

Alternative Dispute Resolution

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in the United States Definition of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Settlement of civil disputes by means other than trial. The move to alternative dispute resolution (ADR) was prompted by a number of factors, but largely the time, expense, and […]


Verdict in the United States A finding by a jury on a fact question formally submitted to it for deliberation. The verdict is reported to the court and announced. Either party is entitled to request that the jury be polled. This requires that each juror disclose in open court his or her vote. […]

Federal Reserve System

Federal Reserve System in the United States Introduction The Federal Reserve System, the central bank of the United States, administers and formulates the Nation’s credit and monetary policy. The Federal Reserve System (FRS) was established by the Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. 221), […]

Civil Rights

Civil Rights in the United States Civil Rights Definition The rights of a citizen; the rights of an individual as a citizen; the rights due from one citizen to another, the privation of which is a civil wrong, for which redress may be sought in a civil action. Also sometimes applied to the […]

Halliburton Inc. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc.

Halliburton Inc. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. Case Law Professors’ Briefs in Halliburton Several lawyers filed a brief in January 2014 on behalf of law professors Adam Pritchard and Todd Henderson in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc., involving the continuing validity of Basic Inc. v. Levinson. Below is a short summary … Read more

Rule of Law Reform

Rule of Law Reform Principal U.S. Government Agencies Supporting International Rule of Law Reform As the scope of activities that constitute rule of law programming has expanded, so too has the number of organizations supporting these programs. The U.S. Agency for International Development and the Departments of State, Justice, and Commerce are the main government … Read more

Patent Local Rules

Patent Local Rules Northern Distrcit of California local patent rules: first to adopt Patent Local Rules date back to December 1, 2000, when the Northern District of California promulgated the first set of rules governing the content and timing of disclosures in patent cases. These rules established a default regime for operationalizing the claim construction … Read more


Compensation in United States Compensation Definition (Lat. compendere, to balance). Indemnification ; recompense. Something to be done for or paid to another of equal value with something of which he has been deprived by the act or negligence of the party so doing or pajring. That which […]

Government Accountability Office

Government Accountability Office (GAO) in the United States Introduction to Government Accountability Office The Government Accountability Office (GAO) is an independent agency of the U.S. government formerly known as the General Accounting Office. The name of the office was changed to […]


Fines in the United States Description Fines are financial punishments attached to a conviction for a given offense, and are either specified as a fixed dollar amount or variable range. For example, in Washington State, a first-time drug conviction can result in a $1,000 fine, with each […]