Court of Appeals

Court Of Appeals in the United States

The United States Court of Appeals is comprised of about a dozen “Circuit Courts,” each covering a geographic area (e.g., the Second Circuit Court of Appeals hears cases appealed from the U.S. trial courts located in New York, Vermont and Connecticut) plus subject-specific courts such as the Federal Circuit (which hears cases decided by the U.S. Court of International Trade, the U.S. Claims Court, the Court of Veterans’ Appeals and patent cases. Appeals from the U.S. Court of Appeals are taken to the U.S. Supreme Court) and the Armed Forces Court of Appeals.

Court Of Appeals Definition

In American law. An appellate tribunal, which, in some states, as Kentucky, Maryland, and New York, is the court of last resort, and in others, as Illinois, is an intermediate appellate court. See also Court Of Appeals in the legal Dictionaries.

Law Court Of Appeals Definition

In American law. An appellate tribunal, in the state of South Carolina, for hearing appeals from the courts of law.

Legal Materials

For more information about the individual Appellate Courts, visit their Web sites. Links are posted by FindLaw.

Opinions: Judicial opinions United States Circuit Courts of Appeals are available from many different sources. Google Scholar has an impressive searchable collection starting in the 1920s. Internet links to more free opinions are posted by FindLaw.

Use the fee-based services for deeper databases and more sophisticated searching, notably Lexis, Westlaw, Loislaw, Fastcase, Bloomberg Law and Versuslaw. These generally provide better search options, more reliable text, older cases, official pagination and nicer printouts than the free services.

Case Files: To get copies of pleadings, orders and other documents listed on the docket sheet (a/k/a the “Record on Appeal”), you have at least the following choices.

(1) PACER. You can link from the online docket sheet to the full text of case file documents (see “Docket Sheets”). Coverage varies for each court, but I’d guess most have case filings from at least 2005.

(2) A commercial interface to PACER, such as Courtlink or CourtExpress, etc).

(3) For high-profile cases, you can try Lexis (GENFED;EXTRA) or one of the subject-specific reporters, such as a Mealey’s Litigation Report or a Westlaw Journal (formerly Andrews Litigation Reporter).

(4) Westlaw has briefs and pleadings for selected cases starting in 1975.

(5) For older cases, some large law libraries keep mirofilm with the complete case files of U.S. Court of Appeal cases. If you don’t know of a local source, I know you can get copies of old case files from the library of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York library (212-382-6666).

(6) You can hire a document retrieval service to go to the Court and copy the files. Exception: Case files for old Federal cases are shipped off to The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

Docket Sheets: See the separate entry for “Docket Sheets.”

States Covered: Every volume of the Federal Reporter has a map showing which states are covered by each Circuit Court. A similar map is posted in the Federal Judiciary’s Court Locator.

To see if things were different in a prior year, check out the map in an volume of theFederal Reporter from that year.

Appeals to the U.S. Supreme Court: To find cases by a particular Circuit Court judge that subsequently go up to the U.S. Supreme Court, search “writtenby (judge’s name) and history(supreme court)” in the relevant database of circuit court cases on Lexis.

Oral Arguments: Some Circuits post recordings of oral arguments including the 3d (2007- ), 4th (2011- ), 5th (2008- ), 7th (2008- ), 8th (2000- ), 9th (2005- ) and Federal (2006- ). Otherwise, contact the relevant court to inquire about getting transcripts or recordings of oral arguments.

Court Of Appeals in Foreign Legal Encyclopedias

Link Description
Court Of Appeals Court Of Appeals in the World Legal Encyclopedia.
Court Of Appeals Court Of Appeals in the European Legal Encyclopedia.
Court Of Appeals Court Of Appeals in the Asian Legal Encyclopedia.
Court Of Appeals Court Of Appeals in the UK Legal Encyclopedia.
Court Of Appeals Court Of Appeals in the Australian Legal Encyclopedia.

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See Also

Case Pulls
Court Admission
Court Clerks
Docket Sheets
Federal Court Rules
Jury Instructions
United States Courts
Unreported Decisions

Further Reading

United States Court of Appeals in the Context of Law Research

The Thurgood Marshall School of Law Library defined briefly United States Court of Appeals as: A federal appellate court having jurisdiction to hear cases in one of the 13 judicial circuits of the United States.Legal research resources, including United States Court of Appeals, help to identify the law that governs an activity and to find materials that explain that law.

Court of Appeals: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Court of Appeals. This part provides references, in relation to Court of Appeals, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about Court of Appeals by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Court of Appeals and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Court of Appeals or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Court of Appeals and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Court of Appeals. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Court of Appeals should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Court of Appeals when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

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