Referee in the United States
A quasi-judicial officer who can conduct a hearing on a pending matter and report findings to the court. Referees are typically attorneys and are appointed by judges to handle particular matters. Referees have the authority to take testimony and are often used to gather information in complex cases. The report of a referee’s findings becomes the basis of a court judgment. A similar function is performed by a person known as a master or special master. The term referee is occasionally used in reference to judicial officers who handle traffic or ordinance violations. Most jurisdictions use magistrates to perform this function instead of referees.
Analysis and Relevance
The term referee derives from the word “refer.” Matters handled by referees are specifically “referred” by a court. Referees relieve the courts from matters of volume and detail. Use of referees also creates a two-stage disposition process where preliminary consideration is given to particular issues that will also be considered by courts. Use of a referee allows courts to focus themselves on the more substantial aspects or “bigger picture” issues of a case.
Notes and References
- Definition of Referee from the American Law Dictionary, 1991, California
The person to whom a reference (q. V.) is made.
Referee in Foreign Legal Encyclopedias
|Referee||Referee in the World Legal Encyclopedia.|
|Referee||Referee in the European Legal Encyclopedia.|
|Referee||Referee in the Asian Legal Encyclopedia.|
|Referee||Referee in the UK Legal Encyclopedia.|
|Referee||Referee in the Australian Legal Encyclopedia.|
For starting research in the law of a foreign country:
Browse the American Encyclopedia of Law for Referee
Scan Referee in the appropriate area of law:
|Referee||Referee in the Family Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the IP Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the Commercial Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the Criminal Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the Antritrust Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the Bankruptcy Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the Constitutional Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the Tax Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the and Finance and Banking Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the Employment and Labor Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the Personal Injury and Tort Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
|Referee||Referee in the Environmental Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.|
Explore other Reference Works
|Referee in the Dictionaries||Referee in our legal dictionaries|
|http://lawi.us/referee||The URI of Referee (more about URIs)|
|Referee related entries||Find related entries of Referee|
Legal Issue for Attorneys
The person to whom a reference (q. V.) is made.
Access Points to the American Encyclopedia of Law
Legal Thesaurus Dictionary
Because some legal concepts are too complicated to compress to a single word or term, the legal thesaurus dictionary allows the reader to search for groups of terms, including synonyms, antonyms, expanded legal meanings and other terms the reader is likely to use. The resource includes lists, synonym rings , subject categories, taxonomies and a number of schemes.
The Index is a collection of entries to allow users to locate information in the Lawi Projects. After write down relevant words and phrases that you need, begin looking up the words and phrases using the index until you have located an applicable subject to review.
|General Index||Index of general information about the Encyclopedia|
|Classified index||Headings arranged on the basis of relations among concepts represented by headings, based on the Lawi Classification Scheme|
|Topical Index||A comprehensive and easy guide to the topics of the legal Encyclopedia|
|Citation Index||Index of links between citing and cited entries|
|Subject Index||Identify and describe the subjects of the Encyclopedia|
|Alphabetical Index||A-Z Index of all the Entries|
|Thematic Index||Correlation of terms in a meaningful hierarchical order|
|Permutation Index||A type of index in which significant words in the titles function as subject headings|
|Browse Index||Browse the Encyclopedia by Index|
|Sitemap Index||Sitemap Index, including Taxonomies|
Note: Some of this information was last updated in 1982
An officer of the court who has power to hear testimony and decide certain facts. The officer then reports to the court those facts upon which the court enters judgment.
What is Referee?
Meaning of Referee
In plain or simple terms, Referee means: A person to whom a case is referred by the court to take testimony, hear the parties and report to the court.
Further Reading (Articles)
Referee assignements for matches 1-36, AP Worldstream; May 25, 2002
Referees Must Apply the Laws of the Game, Daily News (Colombo, Sri Lanka); August 18, 2012
Referee assignements for matches 41-48, AP Worldstream; June 10, 2002
Referees at Risk; Managers Need to Realise the Effect Their Outbursts Are Having on Officials, Daily Mail (London); November 30, 1999; McDonnell, David
REFEREES CRISIS as search begins for Dallas’s successor, Donald McVicar believes ‘nobody outwith Scottish football would want to come here’ ; Hampden role far from pretty vacant jist of the job, The Herald; November 30, 2010
Referees Becoming the Story of World Cup, AP Online; June 26, 2006; JOHN PYE, AP Sports Writer
Referees committee defends system, The Irish Times; June 12, 2007; Sean Moran GAA Correspondent
Referees Society AGM on Saturday, Daily News (Colombo, Sri Lanka); January 16, 2014
Referees in no rush for video technology, The Irish Times; July 13, 2010; IAN O’riordan
Referees reluctant to speak out freely, The Scotsman; January 11, 2001; Glenn Gibbons
REFEREES ON SPOT AT CUP BLUNDERS MAR TENSE MATCHES.(Sports), The Cincinnati Post (Cincinnati, OH); June 27, 2006
Referees blow the whistle on gagging; Dallas feels that Scotland’s match officials should be allowed their say to explain key decisions, The Herald; August 25, 1999; Rob Robertson
Referees set deadline for full backing from clubs, The Scotsman; November 25, 2010; ALAN PATTULLO
Referees’ mistakes under the spotlight, AP Worldstream; May 30, 2002; NAOMI KOPPEL, Associated Press Writer
Referees play a vital role in recruitment, Belfast Telegraph; June 13, 2003; Features Editor
Referees and players must both play ball, The Irish Times; May 14, 2010; LIAM TOLAND;
Asian referees in FIFA World Cup 2010., UzReport; June 10, 2010
GAA: Referees’ Amazing Backlash, The Mirror (London, England); August 13, 1999; Keys, Colm
Referee shortage hurting soccer, Deseret News (Salt Lake City); April 26, 2005; Dan Rasmussen Deseret Morning News
European referees to snub SFA’s plea and support Scots colleagues, The Scotsman; November 24, 2010; Alan Pattullo