Ethics in the United States
The Center for the Study of Ethics in Professions posts hundreds of professional ethics code on the Internet, plus a bibliography of code-related treatises. They also provide links to other ethics codes sites.
The American Medical Association’s Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (CEJA) publishes a Code of Medical Ethics, comprised of CEJA Opinions, CEJA Reports, the Principals of Medical Ethics, the Fundamental Elements of the Patient-Physician Relationship. Some of this material is available through the AMA Code of Professional Ethics page. The Code is included in the AMA’s Policy Finder, or you can purchase an print copy with annotations from the AMA Bookstore. For questions about AMA ethics, call the General Counsel’s office at the AMA headquarters in Chicago (312-464-5448).
For more information, questions, etc., try calling the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies (202-334-2352), one of its regional libraries and/or another medical library or association. You may also want to check the Encyclopedia of Associations(available as a multi-volume hard cover, on the Gale Directory Library and on Lexis (ENASSC)) to find relevant associations and their telephone numbers.
Tuskegee Syphilis Study in relation to Crime and Race
Tuskegee Syphilis Study is included in the Encyclopedia of Race and Crime (1), beginning with: The Tuskegee Syphilis Study is most often remembered for its unethical research design rather than for any significant scientific findings. When the study’s true nature was made public, 40 years after the project began, the effect was not only a national scandal but a considerable increase in distrust by African Americans toward the U.S. government. This section examines the design and implementation of the Tuskegee study and discusses its lasting social implications and its impact on research methodology and ethics. In 1928 a Chicago-based philanthropic organization, the Julius Rosenwald Fund, approached the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) in an effort to improve health care services and education for Black Americans in the rural South. Previously, the PHS had conducted a study in Mississippi concluding that 25% of more than 2,000 Black participants had tested positive for syphilis.
Ethics of the Legal Secretary
For a meaning of it, read Ethics of the Legal Secretary in the Legal Dictionary here. There are more information about this issue in relation to the Legal Secretary here.
Professional Responsibility issues are related to the information and materials above about Legal Ethics, Medical Ethics and Professional Ethics.
Certified Public Accountants (CPAs)
Notes and References
- Entry about Tuskegee Syphilis Study in the Encyclopedia of Race and Crime