Federal Bureau of Investigation

Federal Bureau of Investigation in the United States The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the principal investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice. It is primarily charged with gathering and reporting facts, locating witnesses, and compiling evidence in cases […]

Law Enforcement

Law Enforcement in the United States Law Enforcement and Federal_State Relations United States Constitution According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, about its article titled LAW ENFORCEMENT AND FEDERAL_STATE RELATIONSThis country has long been committed to the notion that […]

Child

Child in United States Child Definition

The immediate progeny of human parents; offspring born to such parents. 262 111. 183; 200 111. 401. The son or daughter, in relation to the father or mother; the correlative of "parent." A young person- of either sex. The age limit of […]

Native American Courts

Native American Courts in the United States Native American Courts in relation to Crime and Race Native American Courts is included in the Encyclopedia of Race and Crime (1), beginning with: The ability of governments to regulate their society depends heavily on the ability of their justice […]

Sentencing

Sentencing in the United States United States Constitution According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, about its article titled SENTENCINGAnomalously, the constitutional law of criminal sentencing is a thinly developed field. Detailed procedural protections and an elaborate […]

Elections

Elections in the United States Political Parties, Elections, and Constitutional Law United States Constitution According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, about its article titled POLITICAL PARTIES, ELECTIONS, AND CONSTITUTIONAL LAWSince the mid-1980s the Supreme Court has […]

Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice System in the United States Introduction to the Criminal Justice System According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, the bill of rights has sometimes been likened to a national code of criminal procedure. However, the Constitution regulates many important […]

Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence in the United States Cause of Action Against Police for Failure to Protect Victim of Domestic Violence: an Overview This section examines this type of action. This subject identifies the various elements of the Cause of Action Against Police for Failure to Protect Victim of […]

Department of Justice

 Department of Justice in the United States Introduction to Department of Justice Department of Justice, executive department of the United States federal government, created by Congress in 1870 to assume the functions performed until then by the Office of the Attorney General. The […]

Discrimination

Discrimination in the United States Introduction to Discrimination Concept of Discrimination In relation to immigration and citizenship, Discrimination is defined as: Unfair treatment because of your race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), citizenship or immigration status, […]

Literacy

Literacy in the United States Cultural Literacy in relation to Crime and Race Cultural Literacy is included in the Encyclopedia of Race and Crime (1), beginning with: E. D. Hirsch, Jr., published the national bestseller Cultural Literacy in 1987, thereby sparking a lively debate about the […]

Plea Bargaining

Plea Bargaining in the United States A process whereby the prosecutor and the accused negotiate through his or her attorney a mutually acceptable settlement in a criminal case. The practice of plea bargaining is extensive in the United States. Approximately ninety percent of all criminal […]

Jury

Jury in the United States A specific number of citizens called to render a judgment on various issues of fact in a legal proceeding. A jury functions in its most common forms as a grand jury or as a petit, or trial, jury. The grand jury hears evidence and determines whether a person must stand […]

Justice

Justice in United States Justice Definition

The constant and perpetual disposition to render every man his due. Inst. bk. 1, tit. 1; 2 Inst. 56. The conformJUSTICE ity of our actions and our will to the law. TouUier, Dr. Civ. tit. prel. note 5. In the most extensive sense of the word, […]

Child Abuse

Child Abuse in the United States Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect Child abuse and neglect are defined by Federal and State laws. At the State level, child abuse and neglect may be defined in both civil and criminal statutes. This entry presents civil definitions that determine the […]

Mediation

Mediation in the United States Intervention intended to promote a settlement by a third party in a dispute. Mediation is generally nonadversarial in character and is conducted informally. The process may ultimately produce resolution of the dispute, but it may not be that successful. Instead, […]

Crime

Crime in United States Crime Definition Any act or omission prohibited by public law for the protection of the public, and made punishable by the state in a judicial proceeding in its own name. It is a public wrong, as distinguished from a mere private wrong or injury to an individual. 1 […]

Great Migration

Great Migration in the United States Great Migration in relation to Crime and Race Great Migration is included in the Encyclopedia of Race and Crime (1), beginning with: At the end of the Civil War, about 90% of African Americans lived in the former slave-holding states of the south. But as […]

Oklahoma

Oklahoma in the United States Legal Materials The Electronic Law Library for Oklahoma includes: Oklahoma Cases Oklahoma Statutes Oklahoma Session Laws The Oklahoma Constitution The Oklahoma Administrative Code The Oklahoma Register Oklahoma Court Rules Oklahoma […]

Mexico

Mexico in the United States Operation Wetback in relation to Crime and Race Operation Wetback is included in the Encyclopedia of Race and Crime (1), beginning with: Operation Wetback began in 1954 as an effort to remove undocumented and illegal Mexican sharecropper workers from the United […]

Gangs

Gangs in the United States This is the story of Alex Sanchez, a former member of one of the most violent street gangs in the country, who after turning his life around became the executive director of Homies Unidos—a group devoted to the prevention of gang violence. In June of 2009, […]

Initiative

Initiative in the United States Initiative Definition in election law, it is the process of proposing a law through a petition and then voting on it. In some states citizens can suggest a new law to be presented to voters. This suggested law is called an initiative , or a proposition. A […]

Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment in the United States Capital Punishment Definition The punishment of death. See also Capital Punishment in the legal Dictionaries. Capital Punishment in the United States The United States stands apart from the general trends on capital punishment. It is the only […]

Death Penalty

Death Penalty in the United States In 2012, the death penalty was alive – if not well – in 33 states. In 2015, eight­een states have ab­ol­ished the capital pen­alty, but a num­ber of oth­ers have in place de facto morator­i­ums. Six states —Texas, Vir­gin­ia, Ok­lahoma, Flor­ida, […]