New York

New York in the United States

Legal Materials

There are legal materials content in the following entries:

Other Useful Information

This section discusses New York:

  • Legal Citations
  • Local Laws
  • Vital Records

Legal Citations

For the most part, legal citation in New York follows The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. A guide called New York Rules of Citation by the editors of the St. John’s Law Review (718-990-6655) discusses and provides examples of Bluebook-style citation forms for New York legal materials.

The New York State court system has its own set of rules called the Official Reports Style Manual. For more information on the Manual, see “New Edition of State’s ‘Tanbook’ Implements Extensive Revisions in Quest for Greater Clarity” by Judge Gerald Lebovits (74 N.Y. St. B. J. 8, March/April 2002).

See also the general entry for Citations (see below).

B. Local Laws

Many municipal codes of the towns, villages and cities in New York State are posted by the General Code company, and a few are posted by the Municipal Code Corporation.

Copies from many New York municipal codes are available from the New York State Library. You may also be able to find municipal codes in law libraries located in or near the municipality. You may also be able to get copies from the municipality.

See also the general Local Laws entry and the specific information in the entry for New York City (see above).

C. Vital Records

Record of births (back to 1881), marriages (back to 1881) and deaths (back to 1880) for New York State (other than New York City) are available in the State Archives (518-474-8955). Birth records are available to the public after 75 years / marriage and death records after 50. The New York State Department of Health posts information on how to get copies of Birth, Death, Marriage & Divorce certificates.

See also the general Vital Records entry in this legal Encyclopedia.

Note: We linked the resources to archive.org in an effort to decrease the number of broken links cited.

For more U.S. state primary law resources, see:

Topics Covered by the New York Legal Encyclopedia

Note: More detailed information about this State is provided in the New York jurisdictional legal Encyclopedia, which tie together New York statutory and case law.

Topics include:

  • NY Case Law
  • New York Legal Websites
  • NY State Government Info
  • New York Counties
  • New York Cities
  • New York Legislation
  • NY State Bar/Legal Associations
  • New York Media Sources
  • NY Court Reporters/Depositions
  • New York Legal Forms
  • New York Courts
  • New York Local Court Rules
  • New York Law Enforcement

New York Law and Practice of Real Property Database

This is a database related to interests in and transfers of real estate, in the following material: State Treatises, Forms, and Practice Guides. A description of this real estate database is provided below:

Full text of New York Law and Practice of Real Property, Second Edition, which discusses the fundamental principles of real property law and demonstrates how you can use them to solve the day-to-day issues you face. Topics covered by the treatise include incidents of ownership, marketable title, contracts for sale, deeds, closing of title, rights of adjoining landowners, mechanics’ liens, mortgages and foreclosures, action to quiet title, easements, eminent domain, cooperatives and condominiums, and trusts.

Further information on United States legal research databases, including real property databases, are provided following the former link.

Finding the law: New York in the U.S. Code

A collection of general and permanent laws relating to new york, passed by the United States Congress, are organized by subject matter arrangements in the United States Code (U.S.C.; this label examines new york topics), to make them easy to use (usually, organized by legal areas into Titles, Chapters and Sections). The platform provides introductory material to the U.S. Code, and cross references to case law. View the U.S. Code’s table of contents here.

Resources

See Also

New York: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about New York. This part provides references, in relation to New York, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about New York by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about New York and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about New York or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to New York and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting New York. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about New York should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to New York when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

*This resource guide is updated frequently. However, if you notice something is wrong or not working, or any resources that should be added, please notify us in any of the "Leave a Comment" area.

Leave a Comment