Continuance in the United States
Postponement of a court action to a later date. A continuance is essentially the same as an adjournment. The continuance is formally entered on the record as reflecting the adjournment. The term continuance derives from this entry on the record, which is done in an effort to link the separated proceedings or make them part of a single, continuous process. A continuance differs from a recess, which is only a short-term interruption of proceedings. 
Analysis and Relevance
A continuance may be sought for a variety of reasons. A key witness may be hospitalized, for example, and not be available to appear on the scheduled date. If the information to be provided by the witness is critical to resolving the fact dispute, the proceeding will be delayed until the witness can appear. A continuance may be sought for less legitimate reasons, however. A court has the authority not to continue a case if the judge believes the request is aimed at gaining unfair advantage. In any event, continuing cases contributes to delayed disposition of cases and backlogged dockets. 
(Lat. continuere, to continue). In practice. The adjournment of a cause from one day to another of the same or a subsequent term. The postponement of the trial of a cause. 
Meaning of Continuance
In plain or simple terms, Continuance means: A court order postponing proceedings.
Notes and References
- Definition of Continuance from the American Law Dictionary, 1991, California
- This definition of Continuance Is based on the The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary .
Further Reading (Articles)
Continuance After Continuance After… ; Chief Public Defender, Two Defense Attorneys: Not Responsible For System’s Inefficiency., Sunday News Lancaster, PA; March 11, 2012; Jack Brubaker
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CONTINUANCE: A THEORETIC EXTENSION AND EMPIRICAL TEST, The Journal of Computer Information Systems; October 1, 2008; Bhattacherjee, Anol Perols, Johan Sanford, Clive
ANTECEDENTS OF USE-CONTINUANCE IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS: TOWARD AN INEGRATIVE VIEW, The Journal of Computer Information Systems; April 1, 2008; Hong, Soongeun Kim, Jeoungkun Lee, Heeseok
DOLLARS & SENSE; Ticket to higher rates? With a `continuance,’ traffic violation may not hit insurer’s files.(VARIETY), Star Tribune (Minneapolis, MN); August 19, 2004; Ewoldt, John
A test of the relationship between affective and continuance commitment using non-recursive models., Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology; June 1, 1993; Somers, Mark John
Deadline to File for Continuance under the Canada Not-for-Profit Corporations Act Is Fast Approaching, Mondaq Business Briefing; August 22, 2013; Morelli, Jordan
Developing business continuance plan, New Straits Times; December 4, 2002; Lim See Jeow
CONTINUANCE PURGATORY CRIME VICTIM ABUSED BY DELAY IN DARE DISTRICT COURT.(LOCAL), The Virginian-Pilot (Norfolk, VA); July 6, 1998
Update on the CNCA Continuance Process, Mondaq Business Briefing; April 7, 2014; Valentine, Andrew
Continuance in great shape, New Straits Times; July 19, 2007; Go-Ram
Deficiencies #1 and #2 on CNCA Continuance Applications, Mondaq Business Briefing; February 6, 2013; Naud, Anna
JUSTICE DELAYED CONTINUANCES CLOGGING COURTS, Post-Tribune (IN); March 3, 1997
Court’s failure to grant continuance plain error: the high court rules that a judge’s failure to grant defense counsel’s request for a continuance in a murder trial was plain error requiring a new trial.(People v. Walker)(Illinois), Illinois Bar Journal; March 1, 2009; Gunnarsson, Helen W.
MODELING USE CONTINUANCE BEHAVIOR IN MICROBLOGGING SERVICES: THE CASE OF TWITTER, The Journal of Computer Information Systems; July 1, 2011; Barnes, Stuart J B_hringer, Martin
Hardin Home owner is granted continuance at hearing; Zoning board of appeals moves case to June 17; Park Manor and Chatham residents were displeased, Chicago Citizen; April 20, 2005; Chinn, Lesley R.
Continuance looks set to break the ice, New Straits Times; July 2, 2005; Go-Ram
Continuance commitment and extrinsic job satisfaction among a novel multicultural expatriate workforce., Mid-Atlantic Journal of Business; March 1, 1996; Bhuian, Shahid M. Islam, Muhammad Shahidul
Storm Over Storage Facility ; Continuance Granted In Hearing For Proposed Leacock Business, Intelligencer Journal Lancaster, PA; March 18, 2009; Dean Lee Evans
AfriOre Proposes Continuance Into The British Virgin Islands, CCNMatthews Newswire; March 11, 2005
InterOil Completes Continuance From New Brunswick to Yukon, CCNMatthews Newswire; August 28, 2007