Trade Legislation

Trade Legislation in the United States

Foreign Trade Control Law

Find more information on Foreign Trade Control Law in relation to the International Trade Control Law, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) in the legal Encyclopedias.

U.S. International Trade Laws

  • Jones Act
  • Trade Agreements Act
  • Meat Import Act of 1979
  • Trade and Tariff Act of 1984
  • Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
  • Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
  • Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954
  • Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act
  • African Growth and Opportunity Act
  • Andean Trade Preference Act
  • Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act
  • Toxic Substances Control Act
  • Fair Packaging and Labeling Act
  • Federal Trade Commission Act
  • Export Trading Company Act of 1982
  • Sherman Act
  • Webb-Pomerene Act
  • Export Control Act
  • Trade Expansion Act
  • Trade Reform Act
  • Buy American Act
  • Trading With the Enemy Act
  • Export Administration Act of 1969
  • Export Administration Act
  • International Emergency Economic Powers Act
  • Lanham Act
  • Hart-Scott-Rodino Act
  • Webb-Pomerene Act of 1918
  • Bank Export Services Act
  • Tarff Act of 1930
  • Arms Export Control Act
  • Atomic Energy Act
  • Export Administration Act of 1977
  • Exon-Florio Amendment in International Trade

    In this context, a concept of Exon-Florio Amendment (Christopher Mark, 1993) is the following: A measure attached to the Trade Act of 1988 to provide a means of monitoring foreign direct investment in the United States. The amendment .authorizes the President to block mergers and joint ventures with foreign interests, or acquisitions or takeovers of US companies by foreign interests, on grounds of national security. See Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (Sec. III).

    Section 232 in International Trade

    In this context, a concept of Section 232 (Christopher Mark, 1993) is the following: A provision of the Trade Act of 1962 authorizing the President to restrict imports that threaten to impair US national security. On the basis of a formal investigation and report by the Department of Commerce –required within 270 days of initiation –the President must decide within 90 days what action should be taken to prevent national security impairment.

    Section 406 in International Trade

    In this context, a concept of Section 406 (Christopher Mark, 1993) is the following: A provision of the Trade Act of 1974 giving the President authority to restrict imports of products from nonmarket-economy countries when the US International Trade Commission determines such imports cause or threaten market –.disruption (Sec. I).

    Section 203 in International Trade

    In this context, a concept of Section 203 (Christopher Mark, 1993) is the following: A provision of the Trade Act of 1974 providing authority to the President to negotiateOrderly Marketing Agreements (Sec. I) with foreign governments. OMAs are ~ to be limited initially to a period of five years, and import relief must be phased down after three years unless the President determines that doing so would damage national interests. If such a determination is made, import relief may be extended for an additional three years. Products covered by contractually binding OMAs are listed in a separate appendix of the Tariff Schedules of the United States.

    Section 501 in International Trade

    In this context, a concept of Section 501 (Christopher Mark, 1993) is the following: A provision of the Trade Act of 1974 providing for duty-free entry of merchandise imported from beneficiary developing countries under the Generalized ~ System of Preferences orGSP (Sec.1). Section 501 specifically excludes some countries –as well as certain products regardless of origin –from asp eligibility .Criteria are provided for withdrawing or suspending eligibility for asp treatment.

    Special 301 in International Trade

    In this context, a concept of Special 301 (Christopher Mark, 1993) is the following: A provision of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended by the Trade Act of 1988, requiring USTR to identify countries with a history of violating existing laws and agreements dealing withintellectual property rights (Sec. I). Countries with the poorest record of IPR protection –and with which negotiations on IPR protection have failed to make adequate progress –must be designated as “priority foreign countries” and are potentially subject to a Section 301 investigation on an accelerated timetable. USTR must make such designations each year within 30 days after issuance of the National Trade Estimate report (see Sec. I). In addition, USTR has established a “watch list” and “priority watch list” under Special 301, indicating countries in which there exist particular problems with respect to IPR protection, or problems of market access for exporters relying on intellectual property. Countries placed on the “priority watch list” are the focus of increased bilateral discussions concerning the problem areas.


    See Also

    Further Reading

    • Trade Legislation entry in the Dictionary of International Trade Law (Raj Bhala)
    • Trade Legislation entry in the Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History (Thomas Carson; Mary Bonk)
    • Trade Legislation entry in the Dictionary of International Trade
    • Trade Legislation entry in the Dictionary of International Trade: Handbook of the Global Trade Community (Edward G. Hinkelman)

    Trade Legislation: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

    Federal Primary Materials

    The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Trade Legislation. This part provides references, in relation to Trade Legislation, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

    Federal primary materials about Trade Legislation by content types:

    Laws and Regulations

    US Constitution
    Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

    Federal Case Law and Court Materials

    U.S. Courts of Appeals
    United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

    Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

    Presidential Materials

    Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

    Executive Materials

    Federal Legislative History Materials

    Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Trade Legislation and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Trade Legislation or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

    State Administrative Materials and Resources

    State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Trade Legislation and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Trade Legislation. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Trade Legislation should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

    State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

    State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Trade Legislation when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

    Tools and Forms

    Law in Other Regions

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