Trade and Investment Framework Agreements

Trade & Investment Framework Agreements (TIFAs) in the United States

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements provide strategic frameworks and principles for dialogue on trade and investment issues between the United States and the other parties to the Trade and Investment Framework Agreements.

Although the names of Framework Agreements may vary, e.g., the Trade, Investment, and Development Agreement (TIDCA) with the South African Customs Union, or the United States-Icelandic Forum, these agreements all serve as a forum for the United States and other governments to meet and discuss issues of mutual interest with the objective of improving cooperation and enhancing opportunities for trade and investment.

U.S. TIFAs

The United States and its Trade and Investment Framework Agreements partners consult on a wide range of issues related to trade and investment. Topics for consultation and possible further cooperation include market access issues, labor, the environment, protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights, and, in appropriate cases, capacity building.

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements Councils normally meet at least once a year at senior levels of government.

The United States has Trade and Investment Framework Agreements with countries at different levels of development and trade and investment interests.

Below are Trade and Investment Framework Agreements, sorted by region.

Africa

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements with countries of this Region:

  • U.S. – Angola TIFA
  • U.S. – Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) TIFA
  • U.S. East African Community TIFA
  • U.S. – Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) TIFA
  • U.S.-Ghana TIFA
  • U.S.-Liberia TIFA
  • U.S.-Mauritius TIFA
  • U.S.-Mozambique TIFA
  • U.S.-Nigeria TIFA
  • U.S. – Rwanda TIFA
  • U.S.-South Africa TIFA
  • U.S. – West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) TIFA

Americas

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements with countries of this Region:

  • U.S – Argentina TIFA
  • U.S. – Caricom TIFA
  • U.S.-Uruguay TIFA
  • U.S.-Uruguay TIFA Protocol on Trade and Environment
  • U.S.-Uruguay TIFA Protocol on Trade Facilitation

Europe and the Middle East

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements with countries of this Region:

  • U.S.-Algeria TIFA
  • U.S.-Bahrain TIFA
  • U.S. – Egypt TIFA
  • U.S.-GCC Framework Agreement for Trade, Economic, Investment and Technical Cooperation
  • U.S. – Georgia TIFA
  • U.S. – Iceland TICF
  • U.S.-Kuwait TIFA
  • U.S.-Lebanon TIFA
  • U.S.-Libya TIFA
  • U.S. – Oman TIFA
  • U.S.-Qatar TIFA
  • U.S.-Saudi Arabia TIFA
  • U.S. – Switzerland TICF
  • U.S.-Tunisia TIFA
  • U.S.-Turkey TIFA
  • U.S.-Ukraine TICA
  • U.S.-United Arab Emirates TIFA
  • U.S.-Yemen TIFA

China, Mongolia, and Taiwan

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements with countries of this Region: U.S.-Mongolia TIFA

South and Central Asia

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements with countries of this Region:

  • U.S.-Afghanistan TIFA
  • U.S. – Central Asian TIFA (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan)
  • U.S.-Maldives TIFA
  • U.S.-Nepal TIFA
  • U.S.-Pakistan TIFA
  • U.S. – Sri Lanka TIFA

Southeast Asia and the Pacific

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements with countries of this Region:

  • U.S.-ASEAN TIFA
  • U.S.-Brunei TIFA
  • U.S.-Cambodia TIFA
  • U.S.-Indonesia TIFA
  • U.S.- Laos TIFA
  • U.S. – Malaysia TIFA
  • U.S. – New Zealand TIFA
  • U.S. – Philippines TIFA (with a Customs Administration and Trade Facilitation Protocol)
  • U.S.-Thailand TIFA
  • U.S.-Vietnam TIFA

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Trade and Investment Framework Agreements. This part provides references, in relation to Trade and Investment Framework Agreements, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about Trade and Investment Framework Agreements by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Trade and Investment Framework Agreements and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Trade and Investment Framework Agreements or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Trade and Investment Framework Agreements and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Trade and Investment Framework Agreements. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Trade and Investment Framework Agreements should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Trade and Investment Framework Agreements when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

*This resource guide is updated frequently. However, if you notice something is wrong or not working, or any resources that should be added, please notify us in any of the "Leave a Comment" area.

Leave a Comment