The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary

The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary in the United States

The Cyclopedic Law Dictionary: Comprising the Terms and Phrases of American Jurisprudence, Including Ancient and Modern Common Law, International Law, and Numerous Select Titles from the Civil Law, the French and the Spanish law, etc. etc. with an exhaustive collection of Legal Maxims

1st Edition

The authors were Walter A. Shumaker and George Foster Longsdorf.The Editor were Keefe-Davidson Law Book Co. Published in St. Paul, Minn., November 25, 1901. It contains 976 pages.

Preface to the First Edition

The purpose of this dictionary is to present, within one volume of convenient size, every legal definition or other appropriate matter which is requisite to any probable need of the student or the practitioner. It is believed that, on the one hand, both convenience and economy require that a work designed to be primarily a dictionary of the law should not exceed a single volume. On the other hand, no law dictionary is complete if it fails to define every word or phrase, ancient or modem, which the searcher may reasonably expect to find therein. Moreover, while a mere general definition is ordinarily suiiicient as to foreign and obsolete terms, yet in respect to those terms of jurisprudence which in themselves describe recognized topics of the law, or are of present interest, or are in a formative state, a bare definition is of no particular value.

These topical terms the authors have endeavored to treat encyclopedically, avoiding the comprehensiveness of a treatise or commentary, but exhibiting all the elements of a subject in a complete and logical manner. They realize that only by those having legislative authority can … definitions of such terms be framed which will be in every particular correct, and, like all writers dealing with modern law, they can do no more than present the result of a critical examination of the adjudged cases. In addition to this, it has been the aim to make the work exhaustive as a glossary, covering all matters within the research, not only of the practitioner and the student of the law, but of the lay student of ancient laws and history. The principal terms of the Saxon, Norman, and Old Scotch law, and of International and Feudal law, with many titles from other foreign systems, and the great variety of entire and fragmentary phrases in various languages to be met with in old law books and records, are defined and explained. Particular attention has been given to the Civil law, long explanatory articles being devoted to the more important Roman customs and institutions.

There has been considerable discussion in the past as to the propriety of including in a law dictionary terms and phrases no longer in current use. To the authors it seems that a dictionary which does not include such terms fulfills but a small part of its essential purpose. The law of the present day is rooted in the antiquities of the English common law, and that, in its turn, is inextricably interwoven with the law of the civilians. No question of law can be exhaustively investigated without bringing the searcher in contact with a multitude of legal terms and
phrases now regarded as obsolete. The authors are unwilling to believe that the modem tendency toward codification and superficial case-learning has progressed so far that there is no longer a demand for the definitions and explanations which will enable the student to trace the doctrines of the law to their head-waters, and the practitioner to investigate particular questions with equal thoroughness.

A considerable collection of the terms of Spanish law has been inserted, in the belief that the annexation and close political relation to the United States of countries lately under Spanish rule will make a definition of such terms desirable to the practitioner.

The collection of maxims of the law is believed to be the most complete ever given in a single work. These maxims are placed throughout the book in their proper alphabetical order.

While it has been the effort to make the treatment as nearly exhaustive as possible within the realm of the terms of jurisprudence, this very exhaustiveness precludes any excursion beyond the scope of a law dictionary proper. The so-called “adjudged words and phrases,” that is to say, the judicial interpretation of words having no distinctive legal meaning, but interpreted solely in the light of their context or use in particular connections, have been omitted, as have the ordinary terms of our language having no technical significance. The technical terms of commerce and of the stock exchange form a well-defined exception, and it is thought that the collection of these is the most extensive ever attempted in a work of this character.

The known and settled habits of the profession in associating particular principles with certain terms have been regarded, and therefore the definititons have, wherever practicable, been given under the specific words deemed most likely to suggest themselves to the searcher, instead of being grouped under some broad generic head. In the interest of space, some few exceptions to this rule have been made:

  • Where a word has several forms, it is defined under that best known or most correct, and from the others a cross-reference made to such definition.
  • Where the treatment of a general head necessarily includes the statement and definition of a number of terms included therein as elements or classes, cross-references are usually made to such general head for such definition, though in many cases a brief definition is given under the specific title, and a reference to the general title for further discussion.

As to the sources from which the matter herein contained was obtained, the basis of the work was the edition of 1867 of Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, the original work of Mr. Bouvier, so far as it was consistent with the scope of the present dictionary, being so far classic as to be incapable of improvement, and presenting an element of authority which no new production could assume. To this, however, matter was added, more than doubling the number of terms defined, and developing, in the light of modern authorities, the discussion and definition of modern terms, which have been largely reformulated by the authors. The English dictionaries of Sweet, Wharton and Stroud have been principally resorted to for the explanation of distinctively English terms and institutions, while for the terms of ancient law, free use has been made of the dictionaries of Cowell, Spelman, and Jacob, and the treatises of Bracton, Britton, Viner, Coke, Littleton, Bacon, Blackstone, Chitty, Stephen, and Maine, as well as the American classics of Story, Greenleaf and Kent.

The terms of the civil law are mainly derived from the Novels, Digest, Institutes and Code of Justinian, the Lexicon of Calvin and the treatises of Mackeldey, Heinecclus, and Pothier, The scholarly work of Mr. Burrill has been of great assistance. In formulating the definitions of modern terms, reference has always been had to the standard text book dealing with the subject, and the number of these is too great for enumeration, due credit being given in the body of the work for all definitions derived from such sources.

The more modern dictionaries of Anderson, Abbott, Black, and Rapalje & Lawrence have been used for reference and comparison.

The materials collected would have made two volumes of the size of the present work, but by diligent revision and condensation, it is believed that all that was useful and within its scope has been preserved.

2nd Edition

The authors were Walter A. Shumaker and George Foster Longsdorf.The Editor was James C. Cahill. Published in Chicago, July, 1922, by Callagham and Company.

Preface to 2nd Edition

The present edition of the Cyclopedic Law Dictionary is necessitated by causes seldom occuriing in legal publications. The popularity of the work has been such that the innumerable reprints required to supply the demand literally wore out the plates of the first edition. No greater tribute to the merit of the work is possible.

In this edition the earlier edition has been carefully revised and approximately two thousand additional words and definitions have been incorporated.

The selection of this additional material involved the careful examination of every source, including unpublished manuscripts, every effort being directed toward making the work as complete as possible and to increase its value not only to the student, but to the general practitioner as well.

A complete table of abbreviations of standard legal works of reference will be found in the appendix.

Contents of the Dictionary

Note: there is more contents of the dictonary here.

  • A cancellis
  • A coelo usque ad centrum
  • A Comune observantia non est recedendum
  • A consiliis
  • A datu, or a dato
  • A digniori fieri debet denominatio et resolutlo
  • A forfait et sans garantie
  • A fortiori
  • A gratia
  • A latere
  • A libellis
  • A l’impossible nul n’est tenu
  • A manibus
  • A me
  • A mensa et thoro
  • A non posse ad non esse sequitur argumentum necessarie negative licet non affirmative
  • A piratis aut latronibus captt liberi permanent
  • A piratis et latronibus capta dominium non mutant
  • A posteriori
  • A prendre
  • A priori
  • A quo
  • A rendre
  • A rescriptis valet argumentum
  • A responsis
  • A retro
  • A rubro ad nigrum
  • A summo remedio ad inferiorem actionem non habetur regressus neque auxilium
  • A tempore cujus contrarii memoria non existet
  • A terme
  • A tort
  • A tout la commune d’engleterre
  • A verbis legis non est recedendum
  • A vinculo matrimonii
  • Ab
  • Ab abusu ad usum non valet consequentia
  • Ab actis
  • Ab agendo
  • Ab ante
  • Ab antecedente
  • Ab antiquo
  • Ab assuetis non fit injuria
  • Ab epistolis
  • Ab extra
  • Abinconvenienti
  • Ab initio
  • Ab initio mundi
  • Ab intestat
  • Ab intestato
  • Ab invito
  • Ab irato
  • Ab gui m
  • Abactor
  • Abadengo
  • Abalienatio
  • Abandonee
  • Abandonment
  • Abandun, or abandum
  • Abarnare
  • Abatamentum
  • Abatare
  • Abatement
  • Abatement of freehold
  • Abator
  • Abatuda
  • Abbacy
  • Abbreviate
  • Abbreviate of adjudication
  • Abbreviation
  • Abbreviationum ille numerus et sensus acclplendus est, ut concesslo non sit inanis
  • Abbreviators
  • Abbrochment
  • Abdication
  • Abearance
  • Aberemurder
  • Abesse
  • Abet
  • Abetment
  • Abettator
  • Abettor
  • Abeyance
  • Abide the event
  • Abiding by
  • Abigeat
  • Abigeatus
  • Abigeus
  • Ability
  • Abishersing
  • Abjudicatio
  • Abjuration
  • Able bodied
  • Ablegati
  • Ablocatio, or ablocation
  • Abode
  • Abolition
  • Abondance
  • Abordage
  • Abortion
  • Abortive trial
  • Abortus
  • About
  • Aboutissement
  • Above
  • Abridge
  • Abridgment
  • Abrogation
  • Abscond
  • Absconding debtor
  • Absence
  • Absente
  • Absentee
  • Absentees, or des absentees
  • Absentem accipere debemus eum qui non est eo loci in quo petltur
  • Absentio ejus qui reipublicae cause abest, neque el neque alil damnosa esse debet
  • Absoile
  • Absolute
  • Absolution
  • Absolutism
  • Absque
  • Absque consideratione curiae
  • Absque hoc
  • Absque impetitione vasti
  • Absque tali causa
  • Abstention
  • Abstract
  • Abundans cautela non nocet
  • Abuse
  • Abut
  • Abuttals
  • Abutter
  • Ac etiaivi
  • Ac etiam billae
  • Ac si
  • Acapte
  • Accapitare, acapitare, or acaptare
  • Accedas ad curiam
  • Accedas ad vtce com item
  • Acceleration
  • Acceptance
  • Acceptance au besoin
  • Acceptare
  • Acceptilation
  • Acceptor
  • Acceptor supra protest
  • Access
  • Accessary
  • Accessary to adultery
  • Access 10
  • Accession
  • Accession, deed of
  • Accessorium non ducit sed sequitur suum princlpale
  • Accessorius sequitur naturam sul principalis
  • Accessory
  • Accessory actions
  • Accessory contracts
  • ‘ accessory
  • Accessory obligations
  • Accident
  • Accion, or accyoun
  • Accipere quid ut justitiam faclas, non est tarn acclpere quam extorquere
  • Accipitare
  • Acco
  • Accomenda
  • Accommodation
  • Accommodation lands
  • Accommodation paper
  • Accommodation party
  • Accommodation road
  • Accommodation works
  • Accomplice
  • Accordant
  • Accouchement
  • Account
  • Account, action of
  • Account book
  • Account in bank
  • Account stated
  • Accountable receipt
  • Accountant
  • Accountant general, or accomptant general
  • Accounting
  • Accouple
  • Accredit
  • Accrescere
  • Accretion
  • Accroach
  • Accrue
  • Accruer, clause of
  • Accumulations
  • Accumulative judgment
  • Accumulative legacy
  • Accusare nemo debet se, nisi coram deo
  • Accusation, in criminal law
  • Accusator post rationabile tempus non est audiendus, nisi se bene de omissione excusaverlt
  • Accused
  • Accuser
  • Acephali
  • Acherest
  • Acknowledgment
  • Acknowledgment money
  • Acolyte
  • Acquest
  • Acquiescence
  • Acquietandis plegiis
  • Acquire,
  • Acquisition
  • Acquittal
  • Acquittance
  • Acre
  • Act
  • Act book
  • Act in pais
  • Act of attainder
  • Act of bankruptcy
  • Act of curatory
  • Act of god
  • Act of grace
  • Act of honor
  • Act of insolvency
  • Act of law
  • Act of settlement
  • Act of state
  • Act of supremacy
  • Act of uniformity
  • Act of union
  • Act on petition
  • Acta diurna
  • Acta exteriora indicant interiora secreta
  • Acta in uno judicio non probant in alio nisi inter easdem personas
  • Acta publica
  • Acte
  • Actio
  • Actio ad exhibendum
  • Actio arbitraria
  • Actio bonae fidei
  • Actio calumniae
  • Actio ci vi lis
  • Actio commodati contraria
  • Actio coivimodati directa
  • Actio communi dividundo
  • Actio communis
  • Actio condictio indebitati
  • Actio confessoria
  • Actio contraria
  • Actio criminalis
  • Actio de dolo malo
  • Actio de in rem verso
  • Actio de peculio
  • Actio de pecunia constituta
  • Actio depositi contraria
  • Actio depositi directa
  • Actio directa
  • Actio empti
  • Actio ex conducto
  • Actio ex contractu
  • Actio ex delicto
  • Actio ex empto
  • Actio ex locato
  • Actio ex stipulatu
  • Actio ex vendito
  • Actio exercitoria
  • Actio familiae erciscundae
  • Actio finium regundorum
  • Actio furti
  • Actio honoraria
  • Actio in factum
  • Actio in personam
  • Actio in quadruplum
  • Actio in rem
  • Actio in simplum
  • Actio in triplum
  • Actio indirecta
  • Actio injuriarum, or damni injuria
  • Actio judicati
  • Actio leg is
  • Actio legis aquille
  • Actio locati
  • Actio mandati
  • Actio mixta (or mista)
  • Actio negatoria, (or negativa)
  • Actio negotiorum gestorum
  • Actio nominatae
  • Actio non
  • Actio non accrevit infra sex annos
  • Actio non datur non damnifico
  • Actio non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea
  • Actio non ulterius
  • Actio noxalis
  • Actio perpetua
  • Actio personalis
  • Actio personalis moritur cum persona
  • Actio pignoraticia
  • Actio poenae persecutoria
  • Actio poenalis
  • Actio poenalis in haeredem non datur, nisl forte ex damno locupletlor haeres factus sit
  • Actio praejudicialis
  • Actio praescriptis verbis
  • Actio praetoria
  • Actio pro socio
  • Actio propria
  • Actio publiciana
  • Actio quaelibet it sua via
  • Actio quanti minoris
  • Actio quod jussu
  • Actio quod metus causa
  • Actio
  • Actio real is
  • Actio redhibitoria
  • Actio rei persecutoria
  • Actio rerum amotarum
  • Actio rescissoria
  • Actio sepulchri violati
  • Actio serviana
  • Actio specialis
  • Actio stricti juris
  • Actio temporalis
  • Actio tributoria
  • Actio tutelae
  • Actio
  • Actio utilis
  • Actio venditi
  • Actio vulgaris
  • Action
  • Action for poinding of the ground
  • Action in personam
  • Action in rem
  • Action of a writ
  • Action of abstracted multures
  • Action of adherence
  • Action of book debt
  • Action on the case
  • Action ordinary
  • Action redhibitory
  • Action rescissory
  • Actionable
  • Actionary
  • Acti ones
  • Actionum genera maxime sunt servanda
  • Active
  • Acton burn ell
  • Actor
  • Actor qui contra regulam quid adduxit non est audrindus
  • Actor sequitur forum rei
  • Actore non probante reus absolvitur
  • Actori incumbit onus probandi
  • Actornay
  • Actrix
  • Acts of court
  • Acts of sederunt
  • Actual cash value
  • Actual damages
  • Actual delivery
  • Actual eviction
  • Actual fraud
  • Actual notice
  • Actual occupation
  • Actual ouster
  • Actual possession
  • Actual total loss
  • Actuarius
  • Actuary
  • Actum
  • Actus
  • Actus curiae neminem gravabit
  • Actus dei neminem facit injuriam
  • Actus inceptus cujus perfectio pendet ex voiuntate partium, revocarl potest; si autem pendet ex voiuntate tertlae personae, vei ex contingenti, revocarl non potest
  • Actus judiciarius coram non judlce irritus habetur; de minlsterill autem a quocunque provenit ratum esto
  • Actus legis nemini est damnosus
  • Actus legis nemini facit injuriam
  • Actus legitimi non recipiunt mo
  • Actus me invito factus, non est meus actus
  • Actus non reum facit nisi mens rea
  • Actus repugnum non potest in esse produci
  • Actus servi in iis quibus opera ejus communiter adhiblta est, actus domini habetur
  • Ad
  • Ad abundantiorem cautelam
  • Ad admittendum clericum
  • Ad aliud exam en
  • Ad alium diem
  • Ad assisas capiendas
  • Ad audiendum et terminandum
  • Ad barram
  • Ad campi partem
  • Ad captum vulgi
  • Ad colligendum bona defunct)
  • Ad communem legem
  • Ad comparendum
  • Ad computum reddendum
  • Ad curiam
  • Ad custum, or ad custaqia
  • Ad damnum
  • Ad defendendum
  • Ad diem
  • Ad ea quae frequentim accidunt jura adaptantur
  • Ad excambium
  • Ad exhaereditationem
  • Ad exitum
  • Ad factum praestandum
  • Ad fidem
  • Ad filum aquae
  • Ad filum viae
  • Ad finem
  • Ad firmam
  • Ad gaolas deliberandas
  • Ad gravamen
  • Ad hunc diem
  • Ad idem
  • Ad inde
  • Ad infinitum
  • Ad inquirendum
  • Ad instantiam
  • Ad interim
  • Ad judicium
  • Ad jungendum auxilium
  • Ad jura regis
  • Ad largum
  • Ad litem
  • Ad lucrandum vel perdendum
  • Ad majorem cautelam
  • Ad manum
  • Ad medium filum aquae
  • Ad medium filum viae
  • Ad melius inquirendum
  • Ad mordendum assuetus
  • Ad nocumentum
  • Ad officium justi ciariorum spectat, unicuique coram eis placitanti justltiam exhibere
  • Ad ostendendum
  • Ad ostium ecclesiae
  • Ad quaerimoniam
  • Ad quaestionem facti ngn respondent judices; ad quaestionem legis non respondent juratores
  • Ad quem
  • Ao quod curia concordavit
  • Ad quod damnum
  • Ad quod non fuit responsum
  • Ad rationem ponere
  • Ad recognoscendum
  • Ad recte docendum oportet, primum inquirere nomina, quia rerum cognltlo a nominlbus rerum dependet
  • Ad reparationem et sustentatlonem
  • Ad respondendum
  • Ad satisfaciendum
  • Ad sectam
  • Ad studendum et orandum
  • Ad terminum annorum
  • Ad terminum qui praeterit
  • Ad tristem partem strenua est suspiclo
  • Ad tunc et ibidem
  • Ad ultimam vim terminorum
  • Ad usum et commodum
  • Ad valentiam
  • Ad valorem
  • Ad ventrem inspiciendum
  • Ad vim majorem vel ad casus fortuitos non tenetur quis nisi sua culpa intervenerit
  • Ad vitam
  • Ad vitam aut culpam
  • Ad voluntatem
  • Ad waractum
  • Adcordabilis denarii
  • Addicere
  • Additio probat minoritatem
  • Addition
  • Additionales
  • Addone, or addonne
  • Address
  • Adduce
  • Adeem
  • Adelantado
  • Adeling, or atheling
  • Ademption
  • Adeo
  • Adequate consideration
  • Adequate remedy
  • Adesse
  • Adeu
  • Adferruminatio
  • Adherence
  • Adhering
  • Adhibere
  • Adiation
  • Adieu
  • Adiratus
  • Adit
  • Aditus
  • Adjacent
  • Adjective law
  • Adjoining
  • Adjourn
  • Adjournal
  • Adjournamentum est ad diem dicere seu diem dare
  • Adjournatur
  • Adjourned summons
  • Adjourned term
  • Adjournment
  • Adjournment day
  • Adjournment day in error
  • Adjournment in eyre
  • Adjudicataire
  • Adjudication
  • Adjudication contra haereditatem jacentem
  • Adjudication in implement
  • Adjunction
  • Adjuncts
  • Adjunctum accessorium
  • Adjuration
  • Adjustment
  • Adjuvari qu1ppe nos, non decipi, beneficio oportet
  • Adlegiare
  • Admanuensis
  • Admeasurement of dower
  • Admeasurement of pasture
  • Admezatores
  • Adminicle
  • Adminicular
  • Adminicular evidence
  • Adminiculate
  • Adminiculator
  • Adminiculum
  • Administration
  • Administration suit
  • Administrative law
  • Administrator
  • Admiralty
  • Admission
  • Admi8si0nali8
  • Admittance
  • Admittendo in 80cium
  • Admonish
  • Admonitio trina
  • Admonition
  • Admortization
  • Adnichiled
  • Adnihilare
  • Adnotatio
  • Adolescence
  • Adolescentia
  • Adoption
  • Adoptivus
  • Ad-promissor
  • Adquieto
  • Ad recta re
  • Adrhamire
  • Adrogation
  • Ads
  • Adscendents
  • Adscripti
  • Adscriptiti
  • Adscriptitii
  • Adscriptitius, adscripticius, or adscriptitius
  • Adsessores
  • Adstipulator
  • Adult
  • Adulter
  • Adultera
  • Adulteration
  • Adulterator
  • Adulterine
  • Adulterine guilds
  • Adulterium
  • Adultery
  • Advantagium
  • Advena
  • Advent
  • Adventitious
  • Advance
  • Advancement
  • Advances
  • Adventura
  • Adventure
  • Adverse enjoyment
  • Adverse possession
  • Adverse witness
  • Adversus
  • Advertise
  • Advertisement
  • Advertisements of queen elizabeth
  • Advice
  • Advice of counsel
  • Advisare, or advisari
  • Advisement
  • Advisory, by way of counsel
  • Advocassie
  • Advocata
  • Advocate
  • Advocate, queen’s
  • Advocati
  • Advocati ecclesiae
  • Advocati flscl
  • Advocatia
  • Advocation
  • Advocator
  • Advocatus
  • Advocatus diaboli
  • Advocatus est, ad quem pertinent jus advocationis alicujus ecclesiae, ut ad eccleslam, nomine proprio, non alieno, possit praesentare
  • Advowee
  • Advowee paramount
  • Advowson
  • Advowtry, or advoutry
  • Aedes
  • Aedificare
  • Aedificare in tuo proprio solo non licet quod alteri noceat
  • Aedificatum solo, solo cedit
  • Aedificia solo cedunt
  • Aedile
  • Aedilitium edictum
  • Aefesn
  • Aegroto
  • Ael
  • Aequior est dispositio legis quam hominis
  • Aequitas
  • Aequitas agit in personam
  • Aequitas sequitur legem
  • Aequum et bonum, est lex legum
  • Aerarium
  • Aes
  • Aes alienum
  • Aesnecia
  • Aestimatio capitis
  • Aestimatio praeteriti delicti ex postremo facto nunquam crescit
  • Aetas
  • Aetate probanda
  • Affectio tua nomen imponit operi tuo
  • Affection
  • Affectus
  • Affectus punitur licet non sequitur effectus
  • Affeerie
  • Affeerors
  • Affiance
  • Affiant
  • Affidare
  • Affidatio
  • Affidatio dominorum
  • Affidatu8
  • Affidavit
  • Affidavit of defense
  • Affidavit to hold to bail
  • Affilare
  • Affile
  • Affiliation
  • Affinage
  • Affines
  • Affinis mei affinis non est mihi affinis
  • Affinitas
  • Affinitas affinitatis
  • Affinity
  • Affirm
  • Affirmance
  • Affirmance-day-general
  • Affirmant
  • Affirmanti, non neganti, incumbit probatlo
  • Affirmantis est probatio
  • Affirmation
  • Affirmative
  • Affirmative pregnant
  • Affirmative statute
  • Affirmative warranty
  • Affixus
  • Afforatus
  • Afforce
  • Afforce the assize
  • Afforer, or afforare
  • Afforest
  • Affranchir
  • Affranchise
  • Affray
  • Affrectamentum
  • Affreightment
  • Affri
  • Aforesaid
  • Aforethought
  • Against the form of the statute
  • Against the peace
  • Against the will
  • Agalma
  • Agard
  • Agarder
  • Age
  • Age prayer
  • Agency
  • Agency, deed of
  • Agenfrida
  • Agenhine, agenhina, or awnhine
  • Agens
  • Agent
  • Agent and patient
  • Agentes et consentientes pari poena plectentur
  • Ager
  • Agger
  • Aggravated assault
  • Aggravation
  • Aggregate
  • Aggregatio mentium
  • Aggressor
  • Aggrieved
  • Agiler
  • Agillarius
  • Agio
  • Agiotage
  • Agister
  • Agistment
  • Agnates
  • Agnati
  • Agnatic
  • Agnatio
  • Agnation
  • Agnomen
  • Agrarian laws
  • Agrarium
  • Agreamentum
  • Agreement
  • Agreement for insurance
  • Agreer, or aggreer
  • Agrees
  • Agrez
  • Agri
  • Agri limitati
  • Ahteid
  • Aid and comfort
  • Aid bonds
  • Aid of the king
  • Aid prayer
  • Aider by verdict
  • Aiding and abetting
  • 10 pick
  • Aids
  • Air
  • Aire
  • Aismentum, aisiamentum, or esamentum
  • Aisne, or eigne
  • Ajuar
  • Ajutage, or adjutage
  • Akin
  • Al
  • Alae ecclesiae
  • Alanerarius
  • Alba firma
  • Albanagium
  • Albanus
  • Albinatus
  • Albinatus jus
  • Album breve
  • Albus liber
  • Alcabala
  • Alcalde
  • Alderman
  • Ale conner
  • Aleator
  • Aleatory contract
  • Aler a dieu
  • Aller sans jour
  • Aleu
  • Alfet
  • Algarum iviaris
  • Alia enormia
  • Alias
  • Alias dictus
  • Alibi
  • Alien
  • Alien amy
  • Alien enemy
  • Alienable
  • Alienage
  • Alienate
  • Alienatio licet prohibeatur, consensu tamen omnium, in quorum favorem proliibita est, potest fieri, et quilibet potest renunciare juri pro se introducto
  • Alienation
  • Alienation office
  • Alienee
  • Alieni generis
  • Alieni juris
  • Alienigena
  • Alienor
  • Alien us
  • Aliment
  • Alimenta
  • Alimony
  • Alio intuitu
  • Aliquid conceditur ne injuria remaneat impunita, quod alias non concederetur
  • Aliquid possessionis et nihil juris
  • Aliquis non debet esse judex in propria causa, quia non potest esse judex et pars
  • Aliter
  • Aliud est celare; aliud tacere
  • Aliud est distinctio; aliud separatio
  • Aliud est possidere; aliud esse in possesslone
  • Aliud est vendere; aliud vendenti consentire
  • Aliud examen
  • Aliunde
  • All fours
  • All the estate
  • Allegans contraria non est audiendus
  • Allegans suaivi turpitudinem non est audiendus
  • Allegari non debuit quod probatum non relevat
  • Allegata
  • Allegata et probata
  • Allegatio contra factum non est admlttenda
  • Allegation
  • Allegation of faculties
  • Allegiance
  • Allegiare
  • Alleging diminution
  • Alleviare
  • Alliance
  • Allison
  • Allocation
  • Allocatione facienda
  • Allocato comitatu, in old english practice
  • Allocatur
  • Allocatur exigent
  • Allocutus
  • Allodarii
  • Allodium
  • Allograph
  • Allonge
  • Allotment note
  • Allotment system
  • Allotment warden
  • Allottee
  • Alloy, or allay
  • Alloynour
  • Alluvio maris
  • Alluvion
  • Ally
  • Almesfeoh
  • Almoign
  • Almoxarifazgo
  • Alms
  • Alnager, or ulnager
  • Alnetum
  • Alode, alodes, or alodis
  • Along
  • Also
  • Alt
  • Alta proditio
  • Alta via
  • Altarage
  • Alteration
  • Alterius circumventio alii non praebet actionem
  • Alternat
  • Alternatim
  • Alternativa petitio non est audienda
  • Alternative
  • Alternative remedy
  • Alternative writ
  • Alternis vicibus
  • Alterum non laedere
  • Altius non tollendi
  • Altius tollendi
  • Alto et basso
  • Altum mare
  • Alumnus
  • Alveus
  • Amalphitan table
  • Ambactus
  • Ambasciator
  • Ambassador
  • Ambidexter
  • Ambigua responsio contra proferentem est acclpienda
  • Ambiguis casibus semper praesumitur pro rege
  • Ambiguitas verborum latens verlficatione suppletur; nam quod ex facto oritur ambiguum verlficatione facti tollitur
  • Ambiguitas verborum patens nulla verlficatione excluditur
  • Ambiguity
  • Ambiguum placitum interpretari debet contra proferentem
  • Ambit
  • Ambitus
  • Am bra
  • Ambulatoria est voluntas defuncti usque ad vitae supremum exitum
  • Ambulatory
  • Ameliorations
  • Amenable
  • Amende honorable
  • Amendment
  • Amends
  • Amentia
  • Ameralius
  • Amercement
  • Amesurement
  • Ami, or amy
  • Amicable action
  • Amicable compounders
  • Amicus curiae
  • Amittere curiam
  • Amittere liberam legem
  • Amnesty
  • Amortise
  • Amortization
  • Amotion
  • Amount
  • Amount covered
  • Amount of loss
  • Amoveas manus
  • Amparo
  • Ampliation
  • Amplius
  • Amy
  • An, jour, et waste
  • Anacrisis
  • Anagraph
  • Analogy
  • Anarchist
  • Anarchy
  • Anathema
  • Anatocism
  • Ancestor
  • Ancestral
  • Anchor watch
  • Anchorage
  • Ancient deed
  • Ancient demesne
  • Ancient house
  • Ancient lights
  • Ancient readings
  • Ancient rent
  • Ancient serjeant
  • Ancient writings
  • Ancients
  • Ancientry
  • Ancillary
  • Ancillary administration
  • Ancipitis usus
  • And
  • And roc hi a
  • Androgynous
  • Androgynus, or androgyne
  • Androlepsy
  • Anecius, aesnecius, entitius, aeneas, or eneyus
  • Angaria
  • Angel
  • Angild, angylde, or angeld
  • Anglescheria
  • Angliae jura in omni casu libertati dant favorem
  • Anglice
  • Angylde
  • Anhlote
  • Aniens, or anient
  • Animal
  • Animalia fera, si facta sint mansueta et ex consuetudine eunt et redeunt, volant et revolant, ut cervl, cygni, etc
  • Animals of a base nature
  • An i mo
  • Animo et corpore
  • Animus
  • Animus ad se omne jus dicit
  • Animus hominis est anima scriptl
  • Ann, or annat
  • Annales
  • Annaly
  • Annates
  • Annexation
  • Anni et tempora
  • Anni nubiles
  • Anniculus
  • Anniculus trecentesimo sexagesimo quinto die dicitur, inclpiente plane non exacto die, quia annum civiliter non ad momenta temporum sed ad dies numeramur
  • Anniented
  • Anno doiviini
  • An nona
  • Annonae civiles
  • Annotation
  • Announcement
  • Annua nec debitum judex non separat ipse
  • Annua pensione
  • Annual assay
  • Annual pension
  • Annual rent
  • Annuities of tiends
  • Annuity
  • Annuity tax
  • Annulus
  • Annulus et baculus
  • Annum, diem, et vastum
  • Annus
  • Annus deliberandi
  • Annus, dies et vastum
  • Annus est mora motus quo suum planeta pervolat circulum
  • Annus luctus
  • Annus utilis
  • Annuus reditus
  • Anonymous
  • Ansel, ansul, or auncel
  • Answer
  • Antapocha
  • Ante exhibitionem billae
  • Ante factum, or ante ge8tum
  • Ante juramentum, or juramentum calumnlae
  • Ante litem motam
  • Antecessor
  • Antedate
  • Antenati
  • Antenuptial
  • Anti manifesto
  • Antichresis
  • Anticipation
  • Antigraph
  • Antigraphus
  • Antinomia
  • Antiqua custuma
  • Antiqua statuta
  • Antiquare
  • Antiquum dominicum
  • Antithetarius
  • Antrustio, or amtrustio
  • Anuels livres
  • Any
  • Apange
  • Apartment
  • Apatisatio
  • Aperta brevia
  • Apertum factum
  • Apertura testamenti
  • Apex juris
  • Apices juris non sunt jura
  • Apices litigandi
  • Apocae
  • Apochae oneratoriae
  • Apocrisarius
  • Apograph a
  • Apostasy
  • Apostata
  • Apostata capiendo
  • Ap08tille, or appostille
  • Apostles
  • Apostoli
  • Apostolus
  • Apotheca
  • Apparator
  • Apparent danger
  • Apparent defects
  • Apparent (or continuous) easemerit.
  • Apparent heir
  • Apparent maturity
  • Apparitio
  • Apparitor
  • Apparlement
  • Apparura
  • Appeal
  • Appearance
  • Appearance day
  • Appearand heir
  • Appel
  • Appellant
  • Appellate
  • Appellate jurisdiction
  • Appellatio
  • Appelle
  • Appellee
  • Appello
  • Appellor
  • Appello ur
  • Appendant
  • Appenditia
  • Appensura
  • Appertinances
  • Applicare
  • Applicatio est vita regulae
  • Application
  • Appointee
  • Appointment
  • Appointor
  • Apport
  • Apportionment
  • Apportum
  • Apposal of sheriffs
  • Apposer
  • Appostille
  • Appraisement
  • Appraiser, in practice
  • Apprehensio
  • Apprehension
  • Apprendre
  • Apprentice
  • Apprentice en la ley
  • Apprenticeship
  • Apprentices ad legem
  • Apprizing
  • Approach
  • Approbate and reprobate
  • Appropriation
  • Approve
  • Approved endorsed notes
  • Approvement
  • Approver
  • Appruare
  • Appulsus
  • Appurtenances
  • Appurtenant
  • Apt words
  • Apta viro
  • Apud acta
  • Aqua
  • Aqua aestiva
  • Aqua cedit solo
  • Aqua cooperta
  • Aqua currens
  • Aqua currit et debet currere ut currere solebat
  • Aqua fontanea
  • Aqua pluvia
  • Aqua profluens
  • Aqua quotidiana
  • Aqua salsa
  • Aqua trestornata
  • Aquae ductus
  • Aquae haustus
  • Aquae immittendae
  • Aquagium
  • Aquatic rights
  • Arabant
  • Araho
  • Arahum
  • Aralia
  • Aratura terrae
  • Araturia
  • Arbiter
  • Arbitrament and award
  • Arbitrary punishment
  • Arbitration
  • Arbitration of exchange
  • Arbitrator
  • Arbitrimentum aequum tribuit cuique suum
  • Arbitrium
  • Arbitrium est judicium
  • Arbitrium est judicium boni viri, secundum aequum et bonum
  • Arbor
  • Arbor dum crescit; lignum dum crescere nesclt
  • Arbor finalis
  • Arcana imperii
  • Arcarius
  • Archaionomia
  • Archbishop
  • Archdeacon
  • Archdeacon’s court
  • Archery
  • Court
  • Archetype the original copy. archicapellanus
  • Architect
  • Archives
  • Archivist
  • Arcta et salva cu8t0dia
  • Ardour
  • Are
  • Area
  • Ar en ales
  • Arenifodina
  • Arentare
  • Areopagite
  • Aretro
  • Arq
  • Argent
  • Argentarii
  • Argenteus
  • Argentum
  • Argentum album
  • Argentum dei
  • Argument ab inconvenienti
  • Argumentative
  • Argumentum a communiter accidentibus in jura frequens est
  • Argumentum a majori ad minus negative non valet; valet e converso
  • Argumentum a simili valet in lege
  • Argumentum ab auctoritate est fortissimum in lege
  • Argumentum ab impossibili plurlmum valet in lege
  • Argumentum ab inconvenienti ost validum in lege; quia lex non permlttit allquod inconveniens
  • Argumentum ab inconvenienti plurimum vale (est validum) in lege
  • Argylde
  • Aribannum, or arribannum
  • Arimanni
  • Aristocracy
  • Aristodemocracy
  • Arles
  • Arm of the sea
  • Arma
  • Arima dare
  • Arma in armatos sumere jura sinunt
  • Arma moluta
  • Armata vis
  • Armiger
  • Armiscara
  • Armistice
  • Armorum appellatione, non solum scuta et gladii et galeae, sed et’ fustes et lapides continentur
  • Arms
  • Army
  • Aromatarius
  • Arpennus
  • Arpent, or arpen
  • Arpentator
  • Arra
  • Arrage
  • Arraign
  • Arraignment
  • Arraigns, clerk of
  • Arrameur
  • Arras
  • Array
  • Arrearages
  • Arrears
  • Arrect
  • Arrendamiento
  • Arrest
  • Arrest of inquest
  • Arrestandis bonis ne dissipentur
  • Arrestee
  • Arrester
  • Arrestment
  • Arrestment jurisdictionis fundandae causa
  • Arresto facto super bonis mercatorum alienigenorum
  • Arret
  • Arretted
  • Arrhabo
  • Arrhae
  • Arriage and carriage
  • Arrier ban
  • Arriere fief
  • Arriere vassal
  • Arrive
  • Arrogation
  • Arrondissement
  • Arsae et pensatae
  • Arsenals
  • Arser in le main
  • Arson
  • Arsura
  • Art
  • Art and part
  • Art, words of
  • Arthel
  • Article
  • Articled clerk
  • Articles approbatory
  • Articles improbatorv, in scotch law
  • Articles, lords of
  • Articles of agreement
  • Articles of confederation
  • Articles of faith
  • Articles of impeachment
  • Articles of incorporation
  • Articles of partnership
  • Articles of religion
  • Articles of roup
  • Articles of set
  • Articles of the clergy
  • Articles of the navy
  • Articles of the peace
  • Articles of union
  • Articles of war
  • Articulate adjudication
  • Articuli
  • Articuli cleri
  • Articuli de moneta
  • Articuli magnae chartae
  • Articuli super chartas
  • Articulo mortis
  • Artificer
  • Artificial
  • Artificial presumptions
  • Arura
  • As
  • As near as may be
  • As their interest may appear
  • Ascendants
  • Ascendientes
  • Ascertain
  • Ascriptitius
  • Aspect
  • Asphyxia
  • Asportation
  • Asportavit
  • Assach, or assath
  • Assart, or essart
  • Assassination
  • Assault
  • Assath, or assaith
  • Assay
  • Assay office
  • Assayer of the king
  • Assecurare
  • Assecuration
  • Assecurator
  • Assedation
  • Assembly
  • Asseivibly general
  • Assent
  • Assertory covenant
  • Assess
  • Assessment
  • Assessors
  • Assets
  • Assets entre iviains
  • Asseveration
  • Assewiare
  • Assign
  • Assignation, in scotch law
  • Assignatus utitur jure auctoris
  • Assignay, or assigney
  • Assignee
  • Assignment
  • Assignment for benefit of creditors
  • Assignment of dower
  • Assignment of errors
  • Assignor
  • Assigns
  • Assisa
  • Assisa armorum
  • Assisa cadere
  • Assisa continuanda
  • Assisa de clarendon
  • Assisa de foresta
  • Assisa de mensuris
  • Assisa de nocumento
  • Assisa de utrum
  • Assisa friscae fortiae
  • Assisa mortis antecessoris
  • Assisa mortis d’ancestoris
  • Assisa novae disseysinae
  • Assisa pan is et cerevislae
  • Assisa proroganda
  • Assisa ultimae praesentationis
  • Assisa venalium
  • Assisors
  • Assistance
  • Assisus
  • Assithment
  • Assize
  • Assize of darrein presentment
  • Assize of fresh force
  • Assize of mort d’ancestor
  • Assize of novel disseisin
  • Assize of nuisance
  • Assize of the forest
  • Assize of utrum
  • Assize rent
  • Assizes
  • Assizes de jerusalem
  • Associated press
  • Association
  • Assoil, assoile, or assoilyie
  • Assoilzie
  • Assoyl
  • Assume
  • Assumed risks
  • Assumpsit
  • Assumption
  • Assumption of risk
  • Assurance
  • Assure
  • Assured
  • Assurer
  • Assythement
  • Astipulation
  • Astitrarius haeres
  • Astitution
  • Astrarius
  • Astrer
  • Astrict
  • Astrihiltet
  • Astrum
  • Asylum
  • At
  • At arm’s length
  • At bar
  • At issue
  • At large
  • At law
  • At sea
  • Atha, atta, athe, or atte
  • Atheist
  • Atia
  • Atilium
  • Attach
  • Attache
  • Attachiamenta de spinis et boscis
  • Attachiamentum
  • Attachment
  • Attachment of privilege
  • Attachment of the forest
  • Attainder
  • Attainder, bill of
  • Attaint
  • Attaint d’une cause
  • Attempt
  • Attendant
  • Attendant terms
  • Attentat
  • Atterminare
  • Attermining
  • Attermoiement
  • Attestation
  • Attestation clause
  • Attesting witness
  • Attestor of a cautioner
  • Attile
  • Attorn
  • Attornare
  • Attornare rem
  • Attornato faciendo vel recipiendo
  • Attorn e
  • Attorney
  • Attorney general
  • Attorney general of the unit, ed states
  • Attorney of the wards and liveries
  • Attorney’s certificate
  • Attornment
  • Attractive nuisance
  • Au besoin
  • Aubaine
  • Auction
  • Auctionarius
  • Auctioneer
  • Auctor
  • Auctoritas
  • Audi alteram partem
  • Audience
  • Audience court
  • Audiendo et terminando
  • Audit
  • Audita querela
  • Auditor
  • Auditors of the imprest
  • Augmentation
  • Augusta legibus soluta non est
  • Aula, haula, or halla
  • Aula regia, or aula regis
  • Auter action pendant
  • Auter droit
  • Authentic act
  • Authentication
  • Aulnage, or alnage
  • Aumone, service in
  • Auncel weight
  • Aures
  • Auter
  • Authentics
  • Authenticum
  • Authorities
  • Authority
  • Auto acordado
  • Autocracy
  • Autonomy
  • Autopsy
  • Autre, autry, autri, or auter
  • Autre (or auter) vie
  • Autrefois
  • Autrefois acquit
  • Autrefois attaint
  • Autrefois convict
  • Auxilia ad filium militem faciendum vel ad filiam maritandam
  • Auxilium
  • Auxilium curiae
  • Auxilium regis
  • Auxilium vice comiti
  • Avail of marriage
  • Avails
  • Aval
  • Avanture
  • Avaria, or avarie
  • Avenge
  • Aventure, or adventure
  • Aver
  • Aver corn
  • Aver et tenir (or tener) and to hold.
  • Aver land
  • Aver penny
  • Aver silver
  • Average
  • Averia
  • Averia carucae
  • Averia oti0sa
  • Averiis captis in withernam
  • Averment
  • Averrare, or averare
  • Aversio
  • Aversio periculi
  • Averum
  • Avet
  • Avizandum
  • Avocat
  • Avoidance
  • Avoirdupois
  • Avouch er
  • Avoue
  • Avow
  • Avowant
  • Avowee, or avowe
  • Avowry
  • Avowterer
  • Avowtry
  • Avulsion
  • Await
  • Award
  • Away-going crop
  • Awm, or aume
  • Ayant cause
  • Ayre
  • Ayuntamiento

See Also

  • Legal dictionary
  • Dictionary of International and Comparative Law
  • Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law

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