Juvenile Justice

Juvenile Justice in the United States Introduction Youth under the age of 18 who are accused of committing a delinquent or criminal act are typically processed through a juvenile justice system. States, however, have the right to set lower age thresholds for processing youth through the […]

Wade-Davis Manifesto

Wade-Davis Manifesto in the United States Text of the Manifesto We have read without surprise, but not without indignation, the Proclamation of the President of the 8th of July. . The President, by preventing this bill from becoming a law, holds the electoral votes of the Rebel States at […]

Money

Money in United States Money Definition A representative of value, established by law, and made a legal tender in the payment of debts. 65 N. C. 415. In a strict sense, gold and silver coin. Const. U. S. art. 1, §§ 8, 10. See 44 Tex. 622. In a broader sense, the common medium of […]

Aldrich Plan

Aldrich Plan (1910) in the United States Following the near catastrophic financial disaster of 1907, the movement for banking reform picked up steam among Wall Street bankers, Republicans, and a few eastern Democrats. However, much of the country was still distrustful of bankers and of […]

Townshend Duties

Townshend Duties in the United States The Townshend Acts In 1767 the English parliament cut the British land tax, and, to balance the budget, Charles Townshend promised that he would tax the Americans to make up the difference. Taking advantage of the distinction the Americans had drawn […]

Banking Regulations

Banking Regulations in the United States History: State and Private Attempts at Reform During the free banking era of 1837-1863 the federal government divorced itself from almost all attempts to regulate the banking system. Following the demise of the Second Bank of the United States in […]

Boston Teaparty

Boston Teaparty in the United States In 1773, Britain’s East India Company was sitting on large stocks of tea that it could not sell in England. It was on the verge of bankruptcy. In an effort to save it, the government passed the Tea Act of 1773, which gave the company the right to export its […]

John Adams Dix

John Adams Dix in the United States John Adams Dix (1798-1879), American soldier and political leader, was born at Boscawen, New Hampshire, on the 24th of July 1798. He studied at Phillips Exeter Academy in 1810-1811 and at the College of Montreal in 1811-1812, and as a boy took part in the […]

Atlantic Charter

The Atlantic Charter 1941 August 14 in the United States This charter was signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston S. Churchill. The Text The President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister, Mr. Churchill, representing His Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom, […]

Juvenile Justice Process

Juvenile Justice Process in the United States Points of Intervention There are many steps community partners, families, and others can take to positively impact youth both before and after they have come into contact with the juvenile justice system. There are distinct points in the […]

Knights of the Golden Circle

Knights of the Golden Circle in the United States History Knights of the Golden Circle, a semi-military secret society in the United States in the Middle West, 1861-1864, the purpose of which was to bring the Civil War to a close and restore the “Union as it was.” There is some evidence that […]

State Law History

History of the U.S. State Law in the United States In the early years of the United States, federal courts were not as active or important as state courts. States had jurisdiction (the power to make and enforce laws) over the most important aspects of business life. The power of state law has […]

William Lloyd Garrison

William Lloyd Garrison in the United States Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879) Introduction According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, William Lloyd Garrison edited America’s leading abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator (1831_1865), and helped found the New England […]

Logrolling

Logrolling in the United States Introduction to Logrolling Logrolling, in U.S. political history, the practice of vote trading by legislators. To ensure passage of a bill favorable to one’s constituency, a legislator will offer to vote for a bill favored by another legislator; in return, the […]

Commercial Conventions of 1857–1858

Commercial Conventions of 1857–1858 in the United States Commercial Conventions of 1857–1858 and the Slave Final Crisis (1850–1870) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: The first piece of […]

American Slave-Trade

American Slave-Trade in the United States Resources See Also Further Reading British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Annual and Special Reports. Letter from … in London, to his Friend in America, on the … Slave Trade, etc. New York, 1784. Benjamin Franklin. An Essay on the African […]

Moral Movement

Moral Movement in the United States The Moral Movement and the Essentials in the Slavery Struggle In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: For the solution of this problem there were, roughly […]

Notorious Infractions of the Laws

Notorious Infractions of the Laws in the United States Notorious Infractions of the Laws and the Slave Final Crisis (1850–1870) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: This decade is […]

Imperfect Application of the Laws

Imperfect Application of the Laws in the United States Imperfect Application of the Laws and the Rise of the Cotton Kingdom (1820–1851) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: In reviewing […]

Increase of the Slave-Trade

Increase of the Slave-Trade in the United States Increase of the Slave-Trade from 1850 to 1860 and the Slave Final Crisis (1850–1870) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: The long and […]

Colonies

Colonies in the United States The Action of the Colonies (the Period of the Revolution, from 1774) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: The earlier and largely abortive attempts to form […]

Economic Movement

Economic Movement in the United States The Economic Movement and the Essentials in the Slavery Struggle In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: Economic measures against the trade were those […]

Slavery Debate

Slavery Debate in the United States The General Debate (the Federal Convention, 1789) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: This, of course, referred both to immigrants (migration) and […]

Activity of the Slave-Trade

Activity of the Slave-Trade in the United States Activity of the Slave-Trade (1820–1850) and the Rise of the Cotton Kingdom (1820–1851) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: The enhanced […]

Slave-Trade Resolution

Slave-Trade Resolution in the United States Reception of the Slave-Trade Resolution (the Period of the Revolution, from 1774) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: The unanimity with which […]

Revolution Reasons

Revolution Reasons in the United States The Slave-Trade and the Association (the Period of the Revolution, from 1774) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: At the outbreak of the […]

Dutch Slave-Trade

Dutch Slave-Trade in the United States The Dutch Slave-Trade (the Farming Colonies) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: The Dutch seem to have commenced the slave-trade to the American […]

State Convention

State Convention in the United States The Appeal to the Convention (the Federal Convention, 1789) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: The ensuing debate,15 which lasted only a part of […]

Restrictions in Maryland

Restrictions in Maryland in the United States Restrictions in Maryland (the Planting Colonies) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: Not until the impulse of the Assiento had been felt in […]

Restrictions in North Carolina

Restrictions in North Carolina in the United States Restrictions in North Carolina (the Planting Colonies) In the book The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America 1638-1870 (1), W. E. B. Du Bois explained the following: In early times there were few slaves in […]