Federal Trade Commission

Federal Trade Commission in the United States See: Federal Trade Commission 2 Origins This American Commission was created by Act of the U.S. Congress, approved Sept. 26 1914, for the prevention of unfair methods of competition in commerce. It is composed of five […]

Eminent Domain

Eminent Domain in United States Eminent Domain Definition

The power to take private property for public use, whether exercised by the sovereign directly, or by one to whom the sovereign power has been delegated for qiMsi public purposes. The superior right of property subsisting in a […]

Administrative Law

Administrative Law in the United States The body of law that concerns the powers of and procedures to be used by administrative agencies. Administrative Law (Judicial Function) also includes the law that creates such agencies and the provisions that define the extent to which agency decisions […]

Stare Decisis

Stare Decisis in the United States Latin for "let the decision stand." Stare Decisis (Judicial Function) holds that once a principle of law is established for a particular legal situation, courts should adhere to that principle in similar cases in the future. The case in which the […]

Tort

Tort in the United States Introduction A private or civil injury to a person or property. An injured party may bring suit, but tort actions do not represent a major portion of civil case filings. Rather, such claims are typically resolved prior to the filing of a lawsuit. The potential for […]

Negligence

Negligence in United States Negligence Definition The breach of a legal noncontractual duty to use care, with no precise intention of producing a particular injury thereby. See Shear. & R. Neg. §3; Beven, Emp. Liab. An inadvertent imperfection by a responsible human agent in the […]

Coroner

Coroner in United States Coroner Definition An officer whose principal duty it is to hold an inquisition, with the assistance of a jury, over the body of any person who may have come to a violent death, or who has died in prison. It is his duty also, in case of the death of the sheriff, or […]

Liability

Liability in the United States Legal responsibility for an action or inaction that causes injury or loss. Liability extends to a broad range of situations where a plaintiff suffers injury at the hands of a defendant. Liability may be civil or criminal. In a civil context, liability may flow […]

Ordinance

Ordinance in United States Ordinance Definition In Modern Usage. A law passed by the legislative body of a municipal corporation for the government of such municipality. 117 Ind. 221. In Old Law. The term was applied to laws of other than municipal bodies. The following account of the […]

Statute

Statute in the United States Law enacted by the legislative branch of government. Statutes are enacted by legislatures under power authorized and means prescribed by federal and state constitutions. Resolutions adopted by legislative bodies are not considered statutes. Law adopted by […]

Executrix

Executrix in United States Executrix Definition A woman who has been appointed by will to execute such will or testament. See Executor. Executrix in Foreign Legal Encyclopedias LinkDescription Executrix, Executrix in the World Legal Encyclopedia., Executrix, Executrix in the European […]

Estate

Estate in United States Plain-English Law Estate as defined by Nolo’s Encyclopedia of Everyday Law (p. 437-455):Generally, all the property a person owns at death Basic Meaning of Estate Estate means: the property of a deceased person, both real and/or personal. Resources See Also Legal […]

Householder

Householder in United States Householder Definition Master or chief of a family; one who keeps house with his family. Webster. It means more than the mere occupant of a room or house. It implies the idea of a domestic establishment. 37 Ala. 145. But a man who has absconded from the state, and […]

Personal Service Contract

Personal Service Contract in the United States Basic Meaning of Personal Service Contract Personal Service Contract means: contract which involves such personal knowledge, skills or confidence that it can only be performed by the person with whom it is made; a contract whereby both parties […]

Nuncupative Will

Nuncupative Will in United States Nuncupative Will Definition An oral will, declared by a testator, in extremis, before vsritnesses, and afterwards reduced to writing. 4 Kent, Comm. 576; 2 BL Comm. 500; 1 Jarm. Wills (Perkins Ed.) 130-136. See 1 Wm. IV. c. 20; 1 Vict. c. 26, §§ 9, 11; 11 Eng. […]

Constitution

Constitution in the United States Constitution Definition in the Legislative Process The following is a definition of Constitution, by the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL): A written instrument embodying the fundamental principles of the state that guarantees powers and […]

Legatee

Legatee in United States Legatee Definition The person to whom a legacy is given. See Legacy. Legatee in Foreign Legal Encyclopedias LinkDescription Legatee, Legatee in the World Legal Encyclopedia., Legatee, Legatee in the European Legal Encyclopedia., Legatee, Legatee in the Asian […]

Crime

Crime in United States Crime Definition Any act or omission prohibited by public law for the protection of the public, and made punishable by the state in a judicial proceeding in its own name. It is a public wrong, as distinguished from a mere private wrong or injury to an individual. 1 […]

Testate

Testate in United States Testate Definition The condition’ of ohe who leaves a valid will at his death. Testate in Foreign Legal Encyclopedias LinkDescription Testate, Testate in the World Legal Encyclopedia., Testate, Testate in the European Legal Encyclopedia., Testate, Testate in the […]

Abatement

Abatement in United States Abatement Definition (Fr. ahattre. Law Fr. abater, signifying to throw down). In Practice. A suspension of all proceedings in a suit, from the want of proper parties capable of preceding therein, as on the death of a party pending the suit. 2 Paige (N. Y.) 211. In […]

General Power of Attorney

General Power of Attorney in the United States Basic Meaning of General Power of Attorney General Power of Attorney means: an instrument in writing authorizing one person to do anything for the principal. In other words, one party has full power of attorney for another party.

Nuisance

Nuisance in the United States A condition, activity, or situation that interferes with the use or enjoyment of property. Anything done by one which annoys or disturbs another in the free use, possession, or enjoyment of his property, or which renders its ordinary use or occupation physically […]

Will

Will in United States Will Definition The legal declaration of a man’s intention respecting the disposition of his property, which he wills to be performed after his death. See 2 Bl. Comm. 309. See Joint Will. The word is of common-law origin, the corresponding civil-law terra being testament […]

Moral Turpitude

Moral Turpitude in the United States Meaning of Moral Turpitude In plain or simple terms, Moral Turpitude means: Immorality. An element of crimes inherently bad (malum in se), as opposed to crimes bad merely because forbidden by statute (malum prohibitum). Basic Meaning of Moral Turpitude […]

Medical Examiner

Medical Examiner in the United States Basic Meaning of Medical Examiner Medical Examiner means: a forensically-trained physician whose duty it is to investigate questionable or unattended deaths (has replaced the coroner in some states); (see also coroner and justice of the peace) Resources […]

Common Law

Common Law in the United States Common Law Definition That system of law or form of the science of jurisprudence which has prevailed in England and in the United States of America, in contradistinction to other great systems, such as the Roman or civil law. As distinguished from statute […]