Personnel

Personnel in the United States Central Personnel Data File and the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission This is a computer data file created and maintained by the OPM. The file is based on personnel action information submitted directly to the OPM by Executive Branch federal agency […]

Probation

Probation in the United States A criminal sentence that allows a person to return to the community under supervised release. Probation is an alternative to imprisonment and is applied to almost two-thirds of sentenced offenders in the United States. Control is maintained over the offender by […]

Training

Training in the United States Introduction to Education And Training (State statute topic) The purpose of Training is to provide a broad appreciation of the Training legal topic. Select from the list of U.S. legal topics for information (other than Training). Finding the law: Training in the […]

Courts

Courts in the United States Courts in the United States Introduction to Courts Courts in the United States, government institutions that resolve legal disputes by trial and that hear appeals from such cases. The United States has a federal system of government in which power is divided […]

Law Enforcement

Law Enforcement in the United States Law Enforcement and Federal_State Relations United States Constitution According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, about its article titled LAW ENFORCEMENT AND FEDERAL_STATE RELATIONSThis country has long been committed to the notion that […]

Fraud

Fraud in United States Fraud Definition

The unlawful obtaining of another's property by design, but without criminal intent, and with the assent of the owner obtained by artifice or misrepresentation. Any cunning deception or artifice used to circumvent, cheat, or deceive another. […]

Investigations

Investigations in the United States Investigations and the State Laws Select from the list of U.S. States below for state-specific information on Investigations: Investigations in the Subject Index of the Alabama Portal Investigations in the Subject Index of the Alaska Portal Investigations in […]

Identity Theft

Identity Theft in the United States Identity Theft in the case of Lawyers By Deborah Rosenthal Studies suggested that as many as a million such thefts occur every year. And privacy experts say attorneys are among the most attractive targets because they tend to have good credit and preside […]

Rights

Rights in the United States Rights and Services in the Criminal Justice System This section covers the topics below related with Rights and Services : Victims Rights and Services Rights (Issuers) This section introduces, discusses and describes the basics of rights. Then, cross references and […]

Sanctions

Sanctions in the United States Intermediate Sanctions in the Criminal Justice System This section covers the topics below related with Intermediate Sanctions : Courts Sentencing and Sanctions in relation with Intermediate Sanctions Juvenile Justice Corrections Detention Alternatives Sanctions […]

Embezzlement

Embezzlement in United States Embezzlement Definition

The wrongful and fraudulent appropriation of property to his own use by one to whom it has been entrusted by or for the owner. A breach of trust is the essence of the offense. To constitute embezzlement, the person appropriating the […]

Defendants

Defendants in the United States "The record clearly shows that the defendants are fools, but that is not the same as being incompetent. … They had the right to represent themselves and go down in flames if they wished, a right the district court was required to respect. There was no […]

Judges

Judges in the United States The methods used for judicial selection vary more widely. Executive appointment is used for all federal judges with the advice and consent of the Senate. The federal judicial selection process involves more participants than the constitutional provisions might […]

Costs

Costs in United States Costs Definition

A pecuniary allowance made by positive law to the successful party to a suit, or to some distinct proceeding in a suit in consideration of, and to reimburse, his probable expense. Abbott. See 4 N. M. 356. At common law, there were no costs by […]

Military

Military in the United States Military, Sexual Behaviour and the Law Further Reading Military in the Encyclopedia of Sexual Behavior and the Law Military in the Criminal Justice System This section covers the topics below related with Military : Victims Special Populations in relation with […]

Sentencing

Sentencing in the United States United States Constitution According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, about its article titled SENTENCINGAnomalously, the constitutional law of criminal sentencing is a thinly developed field. Detailed procedural protections and an elaborate […]

Drugs

Drugs in the United States Community Policing and Drugs Community policing calls for comprehensive approaches to the problems of drug abuse and drug-related crime. Trafficking and abusing illicit drugs destroy neighborhoods, contribute to violence and victimization, and often ruin the lives […]

Crimes

Crimes in the United States Crimes are defined by legislative bodies at both the federal and state levels. Only a very small proportion of criminal cases (something under two percent) are federal, because the federal government has limited police power. Rather, the prosecution of criminal […]

Bail

Bail in United States Bail Definition (Fr. bailler, to deliver). Those persons who become sureties for the appearance of the defendant in court. The delivery of the defendant to persons who, in the manner prescribed by law, become security for his appearance in court. The word is used both as […]

Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice System in the United States Introduction to the Criminal Justice System According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, the bill of rights has sometimes been likened to a national code of criminal procedure. However, the Constitution regulates many important […]

Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence in the United States Cause of Action Against Police for Failure to Protect Victim of Domestic Violence: an Overview This section examines this type of action. This subject identifies the various elements of the Cause of Action Against Police for Failure to Protect Victim of […]

Grants

Grants in the United States Grants and the State Laws Select from the list of U.S. States below for state-specific information on Grants: Grants in the Subject Index of the Alabama Portal Grants in the Subject Index of the Alaska Portal Grants in the Subject Index of the Arizona Portal Grants […]

Programs

Programs in the United States School-Based Programs in the Criminal Justice System This section covers the topics below related with School-Based Programs : Juvenile Justice Schools Finding the law: Programs in the U.S. Code A collection of general and permanent Laws relating to programs, […]

Trials

Trials in the United States Civil Trials v. Criminal Trials The rules for civil v. criminal trials vary somewhat in the federal and state systems, but are similar in most respects since, under the Constitution, all trials must confer specific rights to defendants, and since the rules of […]

Sexual Assault

Sexual Assault in the United States Sexual Assault in Labor Law According to unr.edu, Sexual Assault is defined as: When a person subjects another person to sexual penetration, or forces another person to make a sexual penetration on himself or herself or another, or on a beast, against the […]

Tribal

Tribal in the United States Obama Speech (Nov 5, 2009): Some of your reservations face unemployment rates of up to 80 percent. Roughly a quarter of all Native Americans live in poverty. More than 14 percent of all reservation homes don’t have electricity; and 12 percent don’t have access to […]

Restitution

Restitution in the United States Repayment to a victim of losses suffered at the hands of a criminal offender. The idea of restitution is that no person ought to be enriched by misconduct against another. While restitution has been a component of the American justice system from the […]

Education

Education in the United States "The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn." — Alvin Toffler Education and the Constitution According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, about its […]

Transfer

Transfer in United States Transfer Definition

(Lat. tra,ns, over, fero, to bear or carry) . The act by which the owner of a thing delivers it to another person, with the intent of passing the rights which he has in it to the latter; 1 Ala. 669; 36 Conn, 426.

Transfer in […]

Funding

Funding in United States Funding Definition The term funding has been sometimes applied in this country to the process of collecting together a variety of outstanding debts against corporations, the principal of which was payable at short periods, and borrowing money upon the bonds or stocks […]