Stormwater Runoff

Stormwater Runoff in the United States

Stormwater Runoff in Environmental Law

The flow of precipitation over land until it reaches water. The Clean Water Act was originally designed to control point source discharges or those that came from a pipe or other conduit. Stormwater has not been controlled until recently.

In cities, storm water picks up oil and grease from streets, then washes them into storm sewers. At an industrial complex, water could pick up chemicals and wastes, carrying them to a stream or a sewer. In either case, untreated water is discharged. So in 1987, Congress amended the Clean Water Act and established a permitting program for storm water discharges. Large cities, most industrial facilities, and large construction projects (involving disturbance of five acres) are subject to storm water permitting.

The essence of stormwater control is management of the runoff through various techniques, including channeling and water treatment. Also, storage areas may have to be redesigned so the water does not come in contact with pollutants.
Based on “Environment and the Law. A Dictionary”.

Stormwater Runoff: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Stormwater Runoff. This part provides references, in relation to Stormwater Runoff, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about Stormwater Runoff by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Stormwater Runoff and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Stormwater Runoff or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Stormwater Runoff and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Stormwater Runoff. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Stormwater Runoff should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Stormwater Runoff when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

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