A professional organization of lawyers established at the state level. State bar associations were an outgrowth of organizations initiated at the local level. Many local organizations such as those in New York City and Chicago were founded in the late 1800s and were primarily designed to eliminate corrupt practices in the courts of those cities. The American Bar Association (ABA) was established soon after, followed closely by associations at the state level. Membership in bar associations at all levels was voluntary at the outset. As a result, membership in the local organizations was limited. A number of attorneys saw the bar associations as essential to improving the legal system and sought to heighten their role. This was made possible by requiring bar association membership under state law. This compulsory membership, akin to a “closed shop” for organized labor, was termed an “integrated” bar. The bar associations of about two-thirds of the states are currently integrated by state statute or by order of state supreme courts. Among the principal concerns of state bar associations are legal education, performance standards for practitioners, and improvement of the legal system.
State bar associations are interest groups dedicated to promoting the best interests of attorneys. State bar associations are deeply involved in establishing and maintaining professional standards. State bar associations play a role in setting law school admission standards and conducting bar examinations at the conclusion of law school programs. State bar associations also make inquiries into the general fitness of prospective lawyers prior to their admission to the bar. They also investigate grievances filed against attorneys for alleged conduct incompatible with established standards of professional responsibility. State bar associations also represent the state’s legal profession in the political arena. Most bar association political activities focus on judicial selection and organizational issues related to the courts. State bar associations, for example, have been at the forefront of efforts to establish “merit” selection of judges. This approach gives the bar the greatest influence in choosing judges for a state’s courts. Failing that, the state bar conducts membership “polls” on candidates for judicial office in election states and publicizes the results. State governors routinely consult with state bar associations prior to making judicial appointments. Bar associations are also active in promoting proposals for court restructuring. Support is most likely where changes elevate professionalism within the courts. In addition, bar associations strongly support legislation that expands legal assistance programs for indigents. Such programs not only further the administration of justice but also directly benefit lawyers.
State Bar Association: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law
Federal Primary Materials
The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about State Bar Association. This part provides references, in relation to State Bar Association, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).
Federal primary materials about State Bar Association by content types:
Administrative decisions by federal agency provides links to administrative actions that are outside the scope of the CFR or the Federal Register. (copiar esta info: guides.lib.virginia.edu/administrative_decisions)
Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:
Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about State Bar Association and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about State Bar Association or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.
Bills by congress at Lawi when seeking specific bill text, legislative history or congressional record information from a specific congress.
State Administrative Materials and Resources
State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to State Bar Association and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting State Bar Association. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about State Bar Association should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.
State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here: