Remediation in the United States

Remediation in Environmental Law

Any action taken to repair damage to the environment. It may be as complex as a hazardous waste site cleanup or as simple as removal of a small quantity of chemicals that have been spilled.

Remediation of hazardous waste sites is typically broken into numerous actions. The source of the problem is isolated, treated, removed, or some combination of those methods. Waste that has migrated is then addressed, including contaminated soils, surface waters, and groundwater. Examples of remedial activities are oil removal from tanker spills, removal and destruction of buried waste, soil vacuuming, incineration, and groundwater pumping and treating.

In some situations, natural resources, such as animal or plant life or wetlands, have been impacted by pollutants. Part of the remediation required in those cases has been restoration. A person who has illegally filled a wetland, for example, may have to remove the fill and revegetate the wetland.
Based on “Environment and the Law. A Dictionary”.

Remediation: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Remediation. This part provides references, in relation to Remediation, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about Remediation by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Remediation and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Remediation or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Remediation and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Remediation. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Remediation should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Remediation when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

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