Per curiam opinions are generally used with cases that are reviewed on the merits but without oral argument. In such cases, the issue may be less involved or complicated than the issue in cases given a fuller treatment by the reviewing court. Thus a brief opinion summarily representing the decision is sufficient. Occasionally, per curiam opinions are found in very important cases. For example, in Furman v. Georgia (408 U.S. 238: 1972) the Supreme Court struck down the capital sentencing method used in Georgia. A brief per curiam opinion summarily described the decision. Individual members of the Court then entered lengthy concurring or dissenting opinions. While a majority agreed that the Georgia process was constitutionally defective, no majority existed on a rationale. Thus, the per curiam opinion was used to represent the outcome of the case, the only point on which the justices in the majority could agree. A similarly functioning per curiam opinion can be found in the Pentagon Papers case, New York Times v. United States (403 U.S. 713: 1971).
Per Curiam Opinion: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law
Federal Primary Materials
The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Per Curiam Opinion. This part provides references, in relation to Per Curiam Opinion, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).
Federal primary materials about Per Curiam Opinion by content types:
Administrative decisions by federal agency provides links to administrative actions that are outside the scope of the CFR or the Federal Register. (copiar esta info: guides.lib.virginia.edu/administrative_decisions)
Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:
Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Per Curiam Opinion and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Per Curiam Opinion or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.
Bills by congress at Lawi when seeking specific bill text, legislative history or congressional record information from a specific congress.
State Administrative Materials and Resources
State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Per Curiam Opinion and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Per Curiam Opinion. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Per Curiam Opinion should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.
State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here: