Open Records Laws by State

Open Records Laws by State in the United States

Alabama

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State covers all three branches
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Alaska

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Arizona

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State. As a result of common law practices within the state
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Arkansas

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

California

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Colorado

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Delaware

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Florida

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Georgia

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Hawaii

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Idaho

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Illinois

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Indiana

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Iowa

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Kansas

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Kentucky

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Louisiana

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Maine

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Maryland

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Massachusetts

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Michigan

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Minnesota

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Mississippi

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Missouri

    • Requester: This State limits the status of requester. The Public Records Law of Missouri permits only citizens of the state to request records, but the
      Sunshine Law has no such restrictions.

  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

 

Montana

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Nebraska

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Nevada

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

New Hampshire

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

New Jersey

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

New Mexico

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

New York

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

North Carolina

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

North Dakota

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Ohio

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions. The Ohio Supreme Court has only established a “judicial mental process” privilege.
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State. The Ohio Supreme Court has only established a “judicial mental process” privilege.
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Oklahoma

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Oregon

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Pennsylvania

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

South Carolina

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

South Dakota

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Tennessee

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Texas

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Utah

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Vermont

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Virginia

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Washington

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

West Virginia

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a not a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State does not allow discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Wisconsin

  • Requester: This State limits the status of requester
  • Requester: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State allows Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State. As a result of common law practices within the state
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation does not resemble federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Wyoming

  • Requester: This State does not limit the status of requester
  • Requester: This State does not restrict purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State restricts purpose or use
  • Entities subject to the Act: This State does not allow Non-governmental entities supported by public funds
  • Exemptions: There is a general exemption for “public interest” in this State
  • Exemptions: This State allows discretion
  • Exemptions: In this State, legislation resembles federal FOIA
  • Exemptions: In this State, courts do not create common law exemptions
  • Exemptions: There is no executive privilege or deliberative process privilege in this State
  • Exemptions: There is not sunset provisions or regular reviews in this State

Note: based on National Association of Counties information.

Open Records Laws by State: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Open Records Laws by State. This part provides references, in relation to Open Records Laws by State, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about Open Records Laws by State by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Open Records Laws by State and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Open Records Laws by State or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Open Records Laws by State and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Open Records Laws by State. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Open Records Laws by State should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Open Records Laws by State when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

*This resource guide is updated frequently. However, if you notice something is wrong or not working, or any resources that should be added, please notify us in any of the "Leave a Comment" area.

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