Montana in the United States

Legal Materials

Links to Montana government agencies, statutes, bills, cases and other primary legal materials are posted by the University of Montana law library, the State Law Library of Montana and FindLaw. Primary legal materials are also available from Lexis, Westlawand Loislaw. Subscription services Versuslaw Fastcase have cases back to 1950;Google Scholar has cases back to 1950 for free. Fastcase has the Montana Code. Supreme and appellate court cases are published in the Pacific Reporter.

To check on the status of pending bills, call the Montana Legislative Session at 406-446-4800 or 406-444-3064.

For an overview of Montana legal research materials, see “A Complete Guide for the Montana Attorney,” 24 Montana Lawyer 25 (you can get the article from Westlaw using the format “24-MAY MTLAW 25”).

For questions about Montana legal materials, copies and/or inter-library loan, try calling the State Law Library of Montana (800-710-9827 in Montana; 406-444-3636 outside Montana) or the University of Montana’s law library (406-243-6171).

Note: We linked the resources to in an effort to decrease the number of broken links cited.

For more U.S. state primary law resources, see:

Topics Covered by the Montana Legal Encyclopedia

Note: More detailed information about this State is provided in the Montana jurisdictional legal Encyclopedia, which tie together Montana statutory and case law.

Topics include:

  • Montana Statutes
  • MT Cases & Case Law
  • Montana Legal Websites
  • MT State Government Info
  • Montana Counties
  • Montana Cities
  • Montana Legislation
  • MT Court Reporters/Depositions
  • Montana Legal Forms
  • Montana Courts
  • MT State Bar/Legal Associations
  • Montana Law Enforcement
  • Montana Media Sources


See Also

Montana: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Montana. This part provides references, in relation to Montana, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about Montana by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Montana and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Montana or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Montana and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Montana. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Montana should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Montana when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

*This resource guide is updated frequently. However, if you notice something is wrong or not working, or any resources that should be added, please notify us in any of the "Leave a Comment" area.

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