Judicial Selection

Judicial Selection in the United States

Methods of Judicial Selection for State Courts

Method of Judicial Selection: Merit Plan

This methods of Judicial Selection is selected in the following State Courts:

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Colorado
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Maryland
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • New Mexico
  • Oklahoma
  • Rhode Island
  • South Dakota
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Wyoming

Method of Judicial Selection: Nonpartisan Election

This methods of Judicial Selection is selected in the following State Courts:

  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Kentucky
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin

Method of Judicial Selection: Partisan Election

This methods of Judicial Selection is selected in the following State Courts:

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Illinois
  • Louisiana
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Pennsylvania
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • West Virginia
  • Method of Judicial Selection: Gubernatorial Appointment

    This methods of Judicial Selection is selected in the following State Courts:

  • California
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • Method of Judicial Selection: Legislative Election

    This methods of Judicial Selection is selected in the following State Courts:

  • Connecticut
  • South Carolina
  • Virginia
  • Judicial Selection: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

    Federal Primary Materials

    The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Judicial Selection. This part provides references, in relation to Judicial Selection, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

    Federal primary materials about Judicial Selection by content types:

    Laws and Regulations

    US Constitution
    Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

    Federal Case Law and Court Materials

    U.S. Courts of Appeals
    United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

    Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

    Presidential Materials

    Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

    Executive Materials

    Federal Legislative History Materials

    Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Judicial Selection and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Judicial Selection or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

    State Administrative Materials and Resources

    State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Judicial Selection and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Judicial Selection. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Judicial Selection should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

    State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

    State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Judicial Selection when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

    Tools and Forms

    Law in Other Regions

    *This resource guide is updated frequently. However, if you notice something is wrong or not working, or any resources that should be added, please notify us in any of the "Leave a Comment" area.

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