Foreign Legal Systems

Foreign Legal Systems in the United States

Foreign Legal Systems in the Context of Foreign Legal Systems

Service of Process in Foreign Legal Systems in International Civil Litigation

Analysis of the Service of Process in Foreign Legal Systems.

Foreign Legal Systems Sources Online


The purpose of this entry is to provide links to online sources which complement or index materials available in general in the collection of a Law Library. The links selected are those which have been most helpful in answering foreign and international reference questions. For the researcher who needs to go beyond these links, several of the meta-indexes and search engines with applicability for foreign and international law are included near the end of the entry.

Some of the sources included here will provide the researcher with very recent material, including translations of statutes and decisions. However, the researcher is reminded that coverage for many individual countries is still limited to information about the country and summary descriptions of the legal system.

International organizations

International Trade

International Tribunals


Human Rights


European Union

      • Court of Justice. Includes proceedings and judgments for the Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance since mid-1996.
      • Europa Homepage. This is the principal server of the European Union.
      • EUR-LEX. This is the portal for direct free access to European law and its documents.
      • European Union Internet Resources. A collection of links to servers, institutions, and documents of the European Union, maintained by the UC Berkeley Library.

Assistance for Practitioners

Foreign Legal Systems: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Foreign Legal Systems. This part provides references, in relation to Foreign Legal Systems, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about Foreign Legal Systems by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Foreign Legal Systems and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Foreign Legal Systems or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Foreign Legal Systems and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Foreign Legal Systems. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Foreign Legal Systems should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Foreign Legal Systems when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

*This resource guide is updated frequently. However, if you notice something is wrong or not working, or any resources that should be added, please notify us in any of the "Leave a Comment" area.

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