Federal Acquisition Regulations

Federal Acquisition Regulations (FARs) in the United States

U.S. Federal Acquisition Regulations (FARs)

Legal Materials

Federal Acquisition Regulations (FARs) are rules governing purchases made by the executive agencies of the U.S. government. FARs are discussed extensively inGovernment Contracts Under The Federal Acquisition Regulation (West). For questions, you can call the FAR Staff at the GSA, write to askacquisition@gsa.gov and/or see out the FAQs on the GSA’s Ask Acquisition Questions & Answers page.

FARs are officially published in Chapter 1 of Title 48 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Unofficially, FARs are published in looseleaf form in the GSA’sFederal Acquisition Regulation and CCH’s Government Contracts Reporter, and in theFederal Acquisition Regulation Desk Reference. In addition, FARs are posted free in the Federal Acquisition Regulation section of Acquisition Central. FARs are searchable on Lexis (PUBCON;FAR) and Westlaw (FAR).

When a FAR is amended or a new FAR is adopted, the GSA puts out a Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC), which is published in the Federal Register and prepared as replacement pages for the GSA looseleaf. Circulars back to 1995 are posted on Acquisition Central’s Federal Acquisition Regulation page in both formats. You can get older FARs from back issues of the Federal Register or the “FAR Archives” in CCH’s subscription-based Government Contracts Library.

Changes are also promptly incorporated into the the eCFR and CCH’s Government Contracts Reporter. By contrast, the official CFR (print or online) is updated only annually, so official CFR users should also check recent Circulars or the List of CFR Sections Affected.

Proposed FARs: Proposed FARs are posted on Acquisition Central’s Interrim and Proposed Rules page.

Defense FARS: Department of Defense Acquisition Regulations, known as the Defense Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) are published in Title 48 of theCode of Federal Regulations, Chapter 2, and are included in all current and historical print and electronic editions of the CFR (see the “Code of Federal Regulations” entry in this legal Encyclopedia). They are also posted free at FARSite. For advanced features, use Lexis (PUBCON;D0D), Westlaw (DRARS) or, if you have access, the CCH Government Contracts Reporter.

Note: Additional Defense Acquisition Regulations are published in CFR Title 32, Subtitle A, Chapter I, Subchapter A (Acquisition).

Procedures, Guidance and Information (PGI): The PGI supplements the Defense FARs. “Relevant procedures, guidance, and information that do not meet the criteria for inclusion in the DFARS are issued in the DFARS companion resource, PGI. Unclassified, non-confidential memoranda, guidance, and other DPAP procurement-related policy documents can be found in the appropriate PGI subpart” (from About DFARS and PGI). You can get PGIs through this chart. They are also available in the subscription-based CCH Government Contracts Reporter (go to “Regulations – Agency FAR Supplements – Department of Defense FAR Supplement”).

Other Acquisition Regulations: Acquisition regulations by/for individual agencies are published in Chapters 2 through 99 of CFR Title 48.

See Also

Code of Federal Regulations
Federal Register
Government Contracts

Federal Acquisition Regulations: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

Federal Primary Materials

The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Federal Acquisition Regulations. This part provides references, in relation to Federal Acquisition Regulations, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

Federal primary materials about Federal Acquisition Regulations by content types:

Laws and Regulations

US Constitution
Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

Federal Case Law and Court Materials

U.S. Courts of Appeals
United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

Presidential Materials

Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

Executive Materials

Federal Legislative History Materials

Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Federal Acquisition Regulations and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Federal Acquisition Regulations or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

State Administrative Materials and Resources

State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Federal Acquisition Regulations and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Federal Acquisition Regulations. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Federal Acquisition Regulations should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Federal Acquisition Regulations when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

Tools and Forms

Law in Other Regions

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