Cross Claim in the United States

A secondary claim filed by parties on the same side of a legal action. A cross claim is brought by a co-plaintiff or co-defendant. This claim is separate from the overarching claim against the party on the opposing side of the main litigation. A cross claim must directly relate to a substantial issue contained in the original and larger action or a counter claim based on it.

See Also

Complaint (Civil Process) Counter Claim (Civil Process).

Analysis and Relevance

A cross claim turns a legal action into essentially a three-sided suit. It allows a co-defendant to assert a claim against another co-defendant in an effort to place part or all of the liability on the second defendant. For example, if an airline files an action against a contractor and one of its sub-contractors because of a defect in a plane it purchased, the contractor may wish to file a cross claim against the sub-contractor in an effort to demonstrate full responsibility resides with the sub-contractor. Both the contractor and sub-contractor are defendants to the initial action, but within that suit, they are contesting through a cross claim. A cross claim differs from a counter claim. In the former, claims are litigated by parties on the same side of the principal lawsuit, while the latter is litigated between the parties contesting the original litigation. A cross claim may also be called a cross complaint.

Notes and References

  1. Definition of Cross Claim from the American Law Dictionary, 1991, California

Cross-Claim Definition

Cross-Complaint in this Legal Encyclopedia
Cross-Complaint definition in the Law Dictionary

Cross-Claim in Foreign Legal Encyclopedias

Link Description
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the World Legal Encyclopedia.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the European Legal Encyclopedia.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Asian Legal Encyclopedia.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the UK Legal Encyclopedia.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Australian Legal Encyclopedia.

Back to Top

Browse the American Encyclopedia of Law for Cross-Claim

Scan Cross-Claim in the appropriate area of law:

Link Description
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Family Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the IP Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Commercial Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Criminal Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Antritrust Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Bankruptcy Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Constitutional Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Tax Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the and Finance and Banking Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Employment and Labor Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Personal Injury and Tort Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.
Cross-Claim Cross-Claim in the Environmental Law Portal of the American Encyclopedia of Law.

Browse also by :volume, titles, popular topic, category, life events related to law, case-law, list, outline, Library of Congress Classification and materialBack to Top

Explore other Reference Works

Resource Description
Cross-Claim in the Dictionaries Cross-Claim in our legal dictionaries
Find legal topics Browse topics from the American Encyclopedia of Law
Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms Find the meaning of more than 30.000 legal abbreviations and acronyms
Browse the Legal Thesaurus Find synonyms and related words by area of law (see below)
Metadata Hierarchical collection of data
Legal Maxims Maxims are established principles that jurists use as interpretive tools, invoked more frequently in international law
Legal Answers (Q&A) A community-driven knowledge creation process, of enduring value to a broad audience
“ The URI of Cross-Claim (more about URIs)
Cross-Claim related entries Find related entries of Cross-Claim

Back to Top

More Resources

Access Points to the American Encyclopedia of Law

Access to the Encyclopedia is provided by alphabetical arrangement of entries, table of cases, table of laws, briefs and tables of contents.

Legal Thesaurus Dictionary

Because some legal concepts are too complicated to compress to a single word or term, the legal thesaurus dictionary allows the reader to search for groups of terms, including synonyms, antonyms, expanded legal meanings and other terms the reader is likely to use. The resource includes lists, synonym rings , subject categories, taxonomies and a number of schemes.

Legal Indexes

The Index is a collection of entries to allow users to locate information in the Lawi Projects. After write down relevant words and phrases that you need, begin looking up the words and phrases using the index until you have located an applicable subject to review.

Indexes of All Encyclopedias:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Z

Index Description
General Index Index of general information about the Encyclopedia
Classified index Headings arranged on the basis of relations among concepts represented by headings, based on the Lawi Classification Scheme
Topical Index A comprehensive and easy guide to the topics of the legal Encyclopedia
Citation Index Index of links between citing and cited entries
Subject Index Identify and describe the subjects of the Encyclopedia
Alphabetical Index A-Z Index of all the Entries
Thematic Index Correlation of terms in a meaningful hierarchical order
Permutation Index A type of index in which significant words in the titles function as subject headings
Browse Index Browse the Encyclopedia by Index
Sitemap Index Sitemap Index, including Taxonomies

Meaning of Cross-claim

In plain or simple terms, Cross-claim means: In a civil proceeding, if there are two or more defendants, one defendant can raise a claim against another defendant.


See Also

  • Legal Topics.
  • Further Reading (Articles)

    Cross Claim Riles D.C. Duo: City Sues 2 Trying to Clean Up Are, The Washington Times (Washington, DC); October 28, 1997; Hansen, Ronald J.

    Defendant Dr. files cross claim v. hospital & nurses.(Nursing Law Case of the Month), Nursing Law’s Regan Report; December 1, 2010

    Arbitrability of Cross-Claim under Contract with No Arbitration Clause, Dispute Resolution Journal; February 1, 2007; Anonymous

    Cross-Claim Filed in Milwaukee City Hall Suit, Daily Reporter (Milwaukee, WI); December 17, 2013; Kevit, Beth

    Cross-Claim Adds Wrinkle to Milwaukee’s City Hall Facade Lawsuit, Daily Reporter (Milwaukee, WI); December 13, 2013; Kevit, Beth

    KPMG Flags Cross Claim in Allco Lawsuit, Australasian Business Intelligence; September 5, 2013

    Forum firm files cross-claim against arena authority., The Commercial Appeal (Memphis, TN); August 3, 2005

    Blue Cross Claim That 39% Premium Hikes Due Only to ‘Escalating Cost of Health Care’ Trigger Calls for Regulation of Rates., Managed Care Weekly Digest; February 22, 2010

    DeMatha, Holy Cross Claim Titles, The Washington Post; May 18, 2000; Jay Kroshus

    Kyle is key as Cross claim crown, Belfast Telegraph; October 18, 2010

    Ex-Marine’s Navy Cross claim is found to be untrue [Corrected 04/22/ 11], The Buffalo News (Buffalo, NY); April 20, 2011; Lou Michel

    How Saltire is in the dock in America’s deep south; Southern Cross claim for Supreme Court, The Herald; January 2, 2004; ALLAN LAING

    Guarantees – the Effectiveness of Suspension of Rights Clauses, Mondaq Business Briefing; November 28, 2012

    The successful party still not entitled to costs after the appeal.(Case overview), Mondaq Business Briefing; November 2, 2011

    Supreme Court Refuses to Allow Plaintiff to Amend Pleadings Where This Would Cause Prejudice to Defendant, Mondaq Business Briefing; February 5, 2014; Hutchings, Suzie

    DDT CRP – Division 6 new cross claims remain Valid., Mondaq Business Briefing; June 21, 2011

    Claims for contribution from joint tortfeasors under section 5(1)(c) of the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1946.(Bowcliff Pty Ltd v QBE Insurance (Australia) Ltd), Mondaq Business Briefing; March 22, 2011

    Aggregation and Law, The Yale Law Journal; October 1, 2012; Porat, Ariel Posner, Eric A.


    When is a successful party not entitled to costs?, Mondaq Business Briefing; May 19, 2011

    Cross-Claim: Open and Free Legal Research of US Law

    Federal Primary Materials

    The U.S. federal government system consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each of which creates information that can be the subject of legal research about Cross-Claim. This part provides references, in relation to Cross-Claim, to the legislative process, the federal judiciary, and the primary sources of federal law (cases, statutes, and regulations).

    Federal primary materials about Cross-Claim by content types:

    Laws and Regulations

    US Constitution
    Federal Statutory Codes and Legislation

    Federal Case Law and Court Materials

    U.S. Courts of Appeals
    United States courts of appeals, inclouding bankruptcy courts and bankcruptcy appellate panels:

    Federal Administrative Materials and Resources

    Presidential Materials

    Materials that emanate from the President’s lawmaking function include executive orders for officers in departments and agencies and proclamations for announcing ceremonial or commemorative policies. Presidential materials available include:

    Executive Materials

    Federal Legislative History Materials

    Legislative history traces the legislative process of a particular bill (about Cross-Claim and other subjects) for the main purpose of determining the legislators’ intent behind the enactment of a law to explain or clarify ambiguities in the language or the perceived meaning of that law (about Cross-Claim or other topics), or locating the current status of a bill and monitoring its progress.

    State Administrative Materials and Resources

    State regulations are rules and procedures promulgated by state agencies (which may apply to Cross-Claim and other topics); they are a binding source of law. In addition to promulgating regulations, state administrative boards and agencies often have judicial or quasi-judicial authority and may issue administrative decisions affecting Cross-Claim. Finding these decisions can be challenging. In many cases, researchers about Cross-Claim should check state agency web sites for their regulations, decisions, forms, and other information of interest.

    State rules and regulations are found in codes of regulations and administrative codes (official compilation of all rules and regulations, organized by subject matter). Search here:

    State opinions of the Attorney General (official written advisory opinions on issues of state law related to Cross-Claim when formerly requested by a designated government officer):

    Tools and Forms

    Law in Other Regions

    *This resource guide is updated frequently. However, if you notice something is wrong or not working, or any resources that should be added, please notify us in any of the "Leave a Comment" area.

    Leave a Comment