Crimes in the United States
- 1 Crimes in the United States
- 1.1 Contents
- 1.2 Hot Topics
- 1.3 Drug Related Crime in the Criminal Justice System
- 1.4 Crimes in State Statute Topics
- 1.5 Investigating Particular Crimes
- 1.6 Finding the law: Crimes in the U.S. Code
- 1.7 Crimes
- 1.8 In Legislation
- 1.9 Crimes
- 1.10 In Legislation
- 1.11 Resources
Crimes are defined by legislative bodies at both the federal and state levels. Only a very small proportion of criminal cases (something under two percent) are federal, because the federal government has limited police power. Rather, the prosecution of criminal cases is largely a responsibility of state government and its local units. There is consensus that many kinds of conduct should be prohibited, thus the criminal codes of the fifty states closely resemble one another. At the same time, some variation exists since each state may exercise sovereign power. As a result, lawful behavior in one state may be criminal if undertaken in another. Occasionally, state criminal jurisdiction overlaps with federal jurisdiction, in which case both levels may prosecute, although federal-state cooperation occurs with such multiple prosecutions.
Here, the coverage of “malice” is part of the common law of mens rea.
In this subsection, the Encyclopedia is focusing on its frequent and controversial use as a proxy crime for drug dealing in public housing.
Some Drug laws that increase punishments based on the location of the drug possession or sale (e.g., “drug-free school zones”) — laws that often have disparate impacts based on race and class.
Crimes of Sex and Sexual Violence
In this subsection, the Encyclopedia has included expanded coverage of “acquaintance rape”.
New topics include the “battered spouse defense” and “Stand Your Ground” laws.
These include the legalization of marijuana, racial bias in police stop-and-frisk actions, and mandatory minimum sentences.
Drug Related Crime in the Criminal Justice System
Crimes in State Statute Topics
Investigating Particular Crimes
This section examines the Investigating Particular Crimes subject in its related phase of trial. In some cases, other key elements related to trials, such as personal injury, business, and criminal litigation, are also addressed.
Crimes and offenses (criminal convictions, eligibility for public service, accountability of public servants in criminal liability) in relation to Public Officers
Find out in this American legal Encyclopedia the information on Crimes and offenses (criminal convictions, eligibility for public service, accountability of public servants in criminal liability) in relation to Public Officers (and in the context of local government law).
Finding the law: Crimes in the U.S. Code
A collection of general and permanent laws relating to crimes, passed by the United States Congress, are organized by subject matter arrangements in the United States Code (U.S.C.; this label examines crimes topics), to make them easy to use (usually, organized by legal areas into Titles, Chapters and Sections). The platform provides introductory material to the U.S. Code, and cross references to case law. View the U.S. Code’s table of contents here.
Crimes in the U.S. Code: Title 26, Subtitle F, Chapter 75, Subchapter A
The current, permanent, in-force federal laws regulating crimes are compiled in the United States Code under Title 26, Subtitle F, Chapter 75, Subchapter A. It constitutes “prima facie” evidence of statutes relating to Tax Administration (including crimes) of the United States. The reader can further narrow his/her legal research of the general topic (in this case, Criminal Law and Criminal Offenses of the US Code, including crimes) by chapter and subchapter.
Crimes in the U.S. Code: Title 18, Part I
The current, permanent, in-force federal laws regulating crimes are compiled in the United States Code under Title 18, Part I. It constitutes “prima facie” evidence of statutes relating to Crimes and Criminal Law (including crimes) of the United States. The readers can further narrow their legal research on the topic by chapter and subchapter.
Notes and References
- Definition of Crimes from the American Law Dictionary, 1991, California
- Information about Crimes in the Gale Encyclopedia of American Law.