Citators in United States Practical Information Note: Some of this information was last updated in 1982 Significance A citator is a book, or set of volumes, that allows you to determine the history of a case and to evaluate the strength of its holdings. In a judicial system that relies heavily […]

Legal Strategy

Legal Strategy in the United States By Kelly O’Mara, a San Francisco Bay Area writer. It’s not always easy to differentiate between a brilliant legal strategy and a publicity stunt. Sometimes it’s the first thing defendants say to belittle a suit filed against them: This is nothing more […]


Translations in the United States Translations for Legal Advice By Ted Stroll. He is a San Jose lawyer who also works as a translator The State Department’s (take an) error last year in translating the label on a symbolic gift, a red plastic reset button that Secretary of State Hillary […]

Attorneys Fees

Attorneys Fees in the United States Recovering Fees from Clients By Gerald G. Knapton. He is a partner at Ropers Majeski Kohn & Bentley in Los Angeles. A law firm that represents itself cannot recover attorneys fees from former clients unless the underlying retainer agreement contains […]

Lawyers Professional Liability Claims

Lawyers Professional Liability Claims in the United States Professional Liability Insurance and Lawyers Liability Claims in 2013-2014 in California by Karmah Elmusa When it comes to the relationship between lawyers’ liability claims and the economy, the trend is fairly predictable. A […]


Disbarment in the United States Practical Information: Definition Expulsion of a lawyer from the legal profession or from the bar of a particular court. Although the disbarment of an attorney is not a conviction for crime, disbarment may result from such a conviction. (Revised by Ann De […]


Letters in United States Letters Definition Epistles; despatches; written messages, usually on paper, folded up and sealed, and sent by one person to another. 1 Caines (N. Y.) 582. Letters in Foreign Legal Encyclopedias LinkDescription Letters, Letters in the World Legal Encyclopedia., […]

Moot Court

Moot Court in United States Moot Court Definition A court where moot questions are argued. Webster. In law schools this is one of the methods of instruction. An undecided point of law is argued by students appointed as counsel on either side of the cause, one or more of the professors sitting […]

Memorandum Of Law

Memorandum Of Law in United States Practical Information Note: Some of this information was last updated in 1982A document prepared by the attorney before trial to acquaint the judge with the legal theory of the action and the authorities relied upon in support of that theory. The memorandum […]