Russia in the United States Czar (in Politics) Related to political science, the following is a definition of Czar in the U.S. practice of politics: An unofficial title used to refer to high-ranking executive branch appointments. Czars are usually given responsibility for a specific policy […]
John Adams Dix in the United States John Adams Dix (1798-1879), American soldier and political leader, was born at Boscawen, New Hampshire, on the 24th of July 1798. He studied at Phillips Exeter Academy in 1810-1811 and at the College of Montreal in 1811-1812, and as a boy took part in the […]
Samuel Gridley Howe in the United States Samuel Gridley Howe in the U.S. Legal History Summary Founder of the nation’s first school for the blind.
Thomas Jefferson in the United States Life of Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Note: for information on early life of thomas jefferson, see the entry thomas jefferson biography. In October 1789 he returned to America and the following year became Secretary of State in Washington’s Cabinet, in […]
Henry Clay in the United States Henry Clay in the U.S. Legal History Summary As Speaker of the House of Representatives, Senator, and unsuccessful candidate for the presidency, he was an advocate of the American System, which called for a protective tariff, a national bank, and federally […]
Dorothea Dix in the United States Dorothea Dix in the U.S. Legal History Summary The leader of efforts to reform the treatment of the mentally ill.
Nikita Khrushchev in the United States Nikita Khrushchev in the U.S. Legal History Summary Personable Soviet premier during Eisenhower’s presidential term. Khrushchev condemned Stalin’s purges and welcomed a melting of the Cold War, although he crushed a 1956 democratic uprising in Hungary.
Joe Biden in the United States Joe Biden was vicepresident of the United States under the Obama Administration. From the White House: Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr., represented Delaware for 36 years in the U.S. Senate before becoming the 47th and current Vice President of the United States. […]
Henry Charles Carey in the United States Henry Charles Carey (1793-1879), American economist, was born in Philadelphia on the 15th of December 1793. At the age of twenty-eight he succeeded his father, Mathew Carey (1760-1839)—an influential economist, political reformer, editor, and […]
Ralph Waldo Emerson in the United States Ralph Waldo Emerson in the U.S. Legal History Summary A poet and essayist, Emerson espoused a philosophy called transcendentalism, which emphasized self-reliance and intuition.
Mexico in the United States Operation Wetback in relation to Crime and Race Operation Wetback is included in the Encyclopedia of Race and Crime (1), beginning with: Operation Wetback began in 1954 as an effort to remove undocumented and illegal Mexican sharecropper workers from the United […]
Lord Salisbury in the United States Lord Salisbury in the U.S. Legal History Summary Imperious British prime minister who rejected American intervention in an 1895 border dispute between Venezuela and British Guiana, prompting an American threat of military involvement. Salisbury ultimately […]
Henry David Thoreau in the United States Henry David Thoreau in the U.S. Legal History Summary A pencilmaker, poet, and author of the influential essay Civil Disobedience, Thoreau sought to realize transcendentalist ideals in his personal life.
George Wallace in the United States George Wallace in the U.S. Legal History Summary Alabama governor who ran for president in 1968 as a third-party candidate on the American Independent ticket. His message rejecting forced racial integration, the activities of radical college students, and […]
Malcolm X in the United States Malcolm X (1925-1965) was a black American leader, born in Omaha, Nebraska, as Malcolm Little. Malcolm’s father, a Baptist minister, was an outspoken follower of Marcus Garvey, the black nationalist leader of the 1920s. The family moved to Lansing, Michigan, […]
Aaron Burr in the United States Burr, Aaron (1756_1836) According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, about its article titled 495 BURR, AARON (1756_1836) Aaron Burr of New York served as a Continental Army officer during the Revolutionary War and later practiced law in Albany […]
Betty Friedan in the United States Betty Friedan in the U.S. Legal History Summary Author of The Feminine Mystique, the. 1963 book that articulated the discontent among white middle class housewives in the Baby Boom era. She founded the National Organization for Women (NOW) in 1966.
William Ellery Channing in the United States William Ellery Channing in the U.S. Legal History Summary America’s leading exponent of religious liberalism, Channing was one of the founders of American Unitarianism.
Chauncey Mitchell Depew in the United States Life and Work Chauncey Mitchell Depew (1834-1928), American lawyer and politician, was born in Peekskill, New York, on the 23rd of April 1834, of a Huguenot family (originally Du Puis or De Puy). He graduated at Yale in 1856, entered politics as […]
Jimmy Carter in the United States Carter, Jimmy (1924_) United States Constitution According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, about its article titled CARTER, JIMMY (1924_) As the first President elected after the watergate scandal, Jimmy Carter was strongly oriented toward […]
Francois Xavier Martin in the United States Francois Xavier Martin (1762-1846), American jurist and author, was born in Marseilles, France, on the 17th of March 1762, of Provençal descent. In 1780 he went to Martinique, and before the close of the American war of Independence went to North […]
John Young Mason in the United States Life and Work John Young Mason (1799-1859), American political leader and diplomatist, was born in Greenesville county, Virginia, on the 18th of April 1799. Graduating at the university of North Carolina in 1816, he studied law in the famous Litchfield […]
William Appleman Williams in the United States Williams displayed great intellectual courage. Reflecting on the prerequisites for achieving individual or collective change, at least in our understanding of the world but also ideally in our actions to change it. Williams liked to pair […]
William Lloyd Garrison in the United States Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879) Introduction According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, William Lloyd Garrison edited America’s leading abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator (1831_1865), and helped found the New England […]
Jacob Dolson Cox in the United States Jacob Dolson Cox (1828-1900), American general, political leader and educationalist, was born on the 27th of October 1828 in Montreal, Canada. His father, a shipbuilder of German descent (Koch), and his mother, a descendant of William Brewster, were […]