John Adams Dix

John Adams Dix in the United States John Adams Dix (1798-1879), American soldier and political leader, was born at Boscawen, New Hampshire, on the 24th of July 1798. He studied at Phillips Exeter Academy in 1810-1811 and at the College of Montreal in 1811-1812, and as a boy took part in the […]

Henry Clay

Henry Clay in the United States Henry Clay in the U.S. Legal History Summary As Speaker of the House of Representatives, Senator, and unsuccessful candidate for the presidency, he was an advocate of the American System, which called for a protective tariff, a national bank, and federally […]

Joe Biden

Joe Biden in the United States Joe Biden was vicepresident of the United States under the Obama Administration. From the White House: Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr., represented Delaware for 36 years in the U.S. Senate before becoming the 47th and current Vice President of the United States. […]

Henry Charles Carey

Henry Charles Carey in the United States Henry Charles Carey (1793-1879), American economist, was born in Philadelphia on the 15th of December 1793. At the age of twenty-eight he succeeded his father, Mathew Carey (1760-1839)—an influential economist, political reformer, editor, and […]


Mexico in the United States Operation Wetback in relation to Crime and Race Operation Wetback is included in the Encyclopedia of Race and Crime (1), beginning with: Operation Wetback began in 1954 as an effort to remove undocumented and illegal Mexican sharecropper workers from the United […]

Lord Salisbury

Lord Salisbury in the United States Lord Salisbury in the U.S. Legal History Summary Imperious British prime minister who rejected American intervention in an 1895 border dispute between Venezuela and British Guiana, prompting an American threat of military involvement. Salisbury ultimately […]

George Wallace

George Wallace in the United States George Wallace in the U.S. Legal History Summary Alabama governor who ran for president in 1968 as a third-party candidate on the American Independent ticket. His message rejecting forced racial integration, the activities of radical college students, and […]

Malcolm X

Malcolm X in the United States Malcolm X (1925-1965) was a black American leader, born in Omaha, Nebraska, as Malcolm Little. Malcolm’s father, a Baptist minister, was an outspoken follower of Marcus Garvey, the black nationalist leader of the 1920s. The family moved to Lansing, Michigan, […]

Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr in the United States Burr, Aaron (1756_1836) According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, about its article titled 495 BURR, AARON (1756_1836) Aaron Burr of New York served as a Continental Army officer during the Revolutionary War and later practiced law in Albany […]

Betty Friedan

Betty Friedan in the United States Betty Friedan in the U.S. Legal History Summary Author of The Feminine Mystique, the. 1963 book that articulated the discontent among white middle class housewives in the Baby Boom era. She founded the National Organization for Women (NOW) in 1966.

John Young Mason

John Young Mason in the United States Life and Work John Young Mason (1799-1859), American political leader and diplomatist, was born in Greenesville county, Virginia, on the 18th of April 1799. Graduating at the university of North Carolina in 1816, he studied law in the famous Litchfield […]

William Appleman Williams

William Appleman Williams in the United States Williams displayed great intellectual courage. Reflecting on the prerequisites for achieving individual or collective change, at least in our understanding of the world but also ideally in our actions to change it. Williams liked to pair […]

William Lloyd Garrison

William Lloyd Garrison in the United States Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879) Introduction According to the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, William Lloyd Garrison edited America’s leading abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator (1831_1865), and helped found the New England […]

Jacob Dolson Cox

Jacob Dolson Cox in the United States Jacob Dolson Cox (1828-1900), American general, political leader and educationalist, was born on the 27th of October 1828 in Montreal, Canada. His father, a shipbuilder of German descent (Koch), and his mother, a descendant of William Brewster, were […]