Apportionment in United States Apportionment Definition

The division or distribution of a subject-matter in proportionate parts. Co. Litt. 147; 1 Swanst. 37, note; 1 Story, Eq. Jur. 475a. Of Contracts. The allowance, in case of the partial performance of a contract, of a proportionate […]


Verdict in the United States A finding by a jury on a fact question formally submitted to it for deliberation. The verdict is reported to the court and announced. Either party is entitled to request that the jury be polled. This requires that each juror disclose in open court his or her vote. […]


Relief in United States Relief Definition

In Feudal Law. A sum payable by the new tenant, the duty being incident to every feudal tenure, by way of fine or composition with the lord for taking up the estate which was lapsed or fallen in by the death of thfrlast tenant. At one time, the […]


Beer in United States Beer Definition A fermented liquor, made from any malted grain, with hops and other bitter flavoring matters. A fermented extract of the roots and other parts of various plants, as, spruce, ginger, sassafras, etc. 120 111. 24. The word beer, when employed in connection […]


Disparagement in United States Disparagement Definition In old English law. An injury by union or comparison with some person or thing of inferior rank or excellence. Marriage without disparagement was marriage to one of suitable rank and character. 2 Sharswood, Bl. Comm. 70 ; Co. Litt. 82b. […]


Deposition in the United States The principal approach to discovery in civil cases. A deposition involves the taking of a statement from a witness who is under oath. The statement is given by the witness in response to a question from an attorney. Both sides to a case are present during a […]


Volunteer in United States Volunteer Definition

In Conveyances. Persons who receive a voluntary conveyance. It is a general rule of the courts of equity, that they will not assist a mere volunteer who has a defective conveyance. Fonbl. Eq. bk. 1, c. 5, § 2. And see the note there […]


Statute in the United States Law enacted by the legislative branch of government. Statutes are enacted by legislatures under power authorized and means prescribed by federal and state constitutions. Resolutions adopted by legislative bodies are not considered statutes. Law adopted by […]

State Court

State Court in United States Plain-English Law State Court as defined by Nolo’s Encyclopedia of Everyday Law (p. 437-455):A court that decides cases involving state law or the state constitution. State courts have jurisdiction to consider disputes involving individual defendants who reside in […]


Retainer in United States Retainer Definition The act of withholding what one has in one’s own hands, by virtue of some right. See Administrator; Executor; Lien. In Practice. The act of a client by which he engages an attorney or counsellor to manage a cause, either by prosecuting it, when he […]


Capacity in United States Capacity Definition

Ability, power, qualification, or competency of persons, natural or artificial. 2 Comyn. Dig. 294; Dane, Abr.
(1) Natural power or competency to perform an act, as capacity to contract, capacity to commit crime.
(2) Official, or […]


Convention in United States Convention Definition In Civil Law. A general term which comprehends all kinds of contracts, treaties, pacts, or agreements. The consent of two or more persons to form with each other an engagement, or to dissolve or change one which they had previously formed. […]


Certiorari in the United States A writ or order to a lower court, whose decision is being challenged, to send up the records of the case so a higher court can review the lower court’s decision. Certiorari means to be informed, and may be granted to the losing party by the Supreme Court. Until […]


Will in United States Will Definition The legal declaration of a man’s intention respecting the disposition of his property, which he wills to be performed after his death. See 2 Bl. Comm. 309. See Joint Will. The word is of common-law origin, the corresponding civil-law terra being testament […]


Emolument in United States Emolument Definition Any pecuniary advantage, profit, or gain arising from the possession of an office. It imports more than salary or fees, and includes any perquisite, advantage, profit, or gain arising from the possession of an office. 105 Pa. St. 303. Emolument […]

Leading Question

Leading Question in United States Leading Question Definition In practice. A question which puts into the witness’ mouth the words to be echoed back, or plainly suggests the answer which the interrogating party desires or expects. 164 111. App. 612; 7 Serg. & B. (Pa.) 171; 4 Wend. (N. Y.) […]